Anti-Shiism in the First quarter of 2017

The First quarter of 2017, have witnessed over 296 tragic deaths, more than 875 wounded most of which were in Iraq. Anti-Shiism also continued in the form of detainment in the Kingdom of Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan. Anti-Shia efforts furthered in revocation of citizenships of Bahraini pro-democracy advocates and kidnapping of Shia Muslims in Madagascar. The Systematic violence against Shia professionals in Pakistan has left many families without husband and father.

Bahrain uprising Anniversary!

SIX YEARS ago today February 14th, 2017, Bahraini citizens asked their monarchy to give them their Basic Human Needs (BHN) such as security, well- being and Esteem. Instead, ruling government present them with Arrest, torture, prison and execution. Creating largest prison in the world holding under age children, preventing them from creating the better world for themselves and their country.

But still, despite all the crimes done against them, Bahraini Shia have remained peaceful, hoping for better future.

We at Shia Rights Watch, convey our deepest gratitude to Bahraini citizens wishing them prosperity and peace. Knowing that international committee has failed to protect and prevent violence against them due to political interest.


Bahrain Executes Three Shia Muslims

Shia Rights Warch condemn the execution of three Shia Muslims, Sami Mushaima (42), Ali Al-Singace (21) and Abbas Al-Samea (27) due to a false accusation by Bahraini government. Bahrain authorities are known for accusing their Shia majority citizens and convicting them under torture in prison. Many Shia has been arrested, tortured and killed by Bahraini authorities. It is sadden to see that government has not done anything to stop the conflict and use the dialogue with it’s citizens for creating the better environment for all people in the country to live in peace.


Participate in the Shia Rights Watch survey

Shia Islam is a multicultural faith consisting up to half of the Muslim population of the world, including subgroups such as Zaidi, Alawite, and Ismaili. Shia Muslim have been victims of crimes against their faith by discrimination, abuse, torture and killing in the Middle East and Africa. Many Shia families have lost their loved one due to these hate crimes. The focus of this study is to investigate the effect of Anti-Shiism toward Shia Muslims and their families.

The aim of this research is to identify the trend of Anti-Shiism, how it expanded and what needs to be considered in the prevention of Anti-Shiism.

Following the information gained from the survey, the aim of this survey is to examine the views of victims of Anti-Shiism in the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) as well as to identify the cause of violence toward the Shia Muslims. The following questions will also be accounted for:

  • What is the condition of Shia Muslims in the Middle East?
  • What is the future prospect of Shia Muslims in the Middle East and Northern Africa?

T participate in this survey fill up the form bellow:

English Click Here

العربية اضعظ هنا 

Saudi Arabia sentence fifteen Shia Muslisms to Death Penalty

Once again Saudi Arabia authorities have used the political aim to prosecute Shia Muslims in the country.

Based on the report by Shia Rights Watch correspondence in Saudi Arabia, the court system that is not fulfilled with the international system of law sentenced fifteen Shia Muslims with the wrong accusation due to political aim. Saudi Arabia has been using the false accusation for many years to put pressure to Shia Muslims in the Eastern Province and threatening the identity and security of its citizens, showing that the sectarian rise in Saudi Arabia has closed the door to religious coexistence in the country.

Shia Rights Watch, demand the Saudi authorities to prevent the rise of conflict in the country by respecting Shia Citizens who have shown loyalty to the country and abide the law that is placed only to favor the ruling government and its Wahhabi ideology.

SRW also demand the international committee to take action toward preventing Saudi Arabia from stereotyping the Shia as thread to the country and create an environment which people of different faith can coexist and participate in building the multicultural society.

The names of Shia Muslims who are sentenced to death penalty is shown bellow;

  1. Salem Abdullah Al-Emry (Death Sentence)
  2. Mohammad Abdulghani Atiyah (Death Sentence)
  3. Abbas Haji Al-Hasan (Death Sentence)
  4. Mohammed Hussein Al-Ashoor (Death Sentence)
  5. Talib Muslim Al-Harbi (Death Sentence)
  6. Badr Hilal Altalib (Imprisonment 20 Years)
  7. Hussein Ali Al-Hamidi (Death Sentence)
  8. Hussein Qasim Al-Abood (Death Sentence)
  9. Taher Muslim Al-Herbi (Death Sentence)
  10. Ali Hussein Al-Ashoor (Death Sentence)
  11. Yasin Haleh Al-Heri (Imprisonment 8 year)
  12. Samir Hilel Al-Herbi (Imprisonment 12 Years)
  13. Yousif Abdullah Al-Herbi (Death Sentence)
  14. Ali Hussein Al-Mehanna (Death Sentence)
  15. Ali Abdullah Al-haji (Imprisonment 5 Years)
  16. Abdul-Jall Ali Eisan (Imprisonment 15 Years)
  17. Abdul-Ghafoor dos Hazara (Afghani Citizen) (Waiting for Trial)
  18. Ahmed Abdel Aziz Alfels (Imprisonment 5 Years)
  19. Alvi musa Al-Hussein (Imprisonment 10 Years)
  20. Ahmed Ghama Al-Ghamedi (Imprisonment 5 Years)
  21. Ali Zeif Alawaji (Imprisonment 18 Years)
  22. Ahmed Ali Naser (Death Sentence)
  23. Abdullah Ibrahim Al-Khamis (Death Sentence)
  24. Mohammad Zaman Zamani (Irainian (Imprisonment 4 Years))
  25. Naser Abdullah Al-Leweyem (Imprisonment 2 Years)
  26. Hussein saeed Al-Ibrahim (Death Sentence)
  27. Khedhir ali Al-Mouhen (Imprisonment 8 Years)
  28. Abbass Abdullah Al-Abad (Death Sentence)
  29. Ibrahim Ali Hamidi (Imprisonment 25 Years)
  30. Sahel Abdulaziz Al-Moled (Waiting for Trial)
  31. Ali Ahmed Al Kabish (Imprisonment 2 Years)
  32. Mohammad Hussein Al-Alasi (Imprisonment 6 Month)

Malaysian Police raid Shia Houses

In past couple of days, Malaysian authorities have attacked Shia Muslim homes and ritual practices, arresting many Shia and referring most of them to Sharia Law court with false accusations.  Over half of the Malaysian population are reported to be of Sunni Muslim origin. In recent years, a strict ban on Shia Islam has been put in place and enforced by state and non-state actors. Anti-Shiism continues to grow via education sponsored by non-Shia agonists.

20th October 2016.

35 people were arrested in Johor Bharu, southern state of Johor during kumayl prayer on 20th October 2016. Five people spent their night in police lock-up. Those arrested are expected to be charged at Sharia Court 21st October 2016. Update coming.

17th October 2016.

70-100 people from local NGOs such as Pertubuhan Kebajikan Silaturahim Malaysia (Si’rah Malaysia), the Mosque Organization of Masjid Al Husna Bandar Sunway (led by Mohd Hazizul Mohd Ghouts) and the Mosque Organization of Surau Munawarah (led by Mohd Fairuz Ahmad Jahari) demonstrated and intimidate small community centre for foreign students in Sunway, state of Selangor. They demand the closure of the community center and bring along banner reads: “Eradicate Shias from Malaysia” during the demonstration. They even report the center to State Religious Authorities and Police.

14th October 2016

A standardize Friday sermon throughout state of  Selangor spread hate speech against Shia adherents calling them deviants and reminding listeners to obey the 17th October 2013 religious fatwa banning Shia in Selangor.

13th October 2016.

Malaysia’s Human Rights Commission through his chairperson, Razali Ismail criticized intimidation and arrest against Shias in Malaysia. He emphasized on freedom of religion: “This right shall include the freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice and freedom, either individually or in community with others in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.”

12th October 2016.

30 Pakistani Shias living in Malaysia were arrested at a rented premise (a factory) in Sungai Kertas, Selayang, outskirt of Kuala Lumpur on 11 October 2016 (9 Muharram) around 11pm. At 12.30 am they were brought to Islamic Department Gombak branch office at Kuang, Selangor state. They were interrogated whole night, and 22 of them were brought to Sharia Court at 3pm on 12th October (10 Muharram).  11 people came to bail them and they will be charge at Sharia court on 17th November 2016 at 9 am. However please note, they maintained they are Sunnis.

10th October 2016.

At 10.55 am two men aged 54 and 32 years old (father and son) were arrested at their home in Jalan Jasmin, Felda Kemendor, state of Melaka for preparing to organize Ashura gathering. They were interrogated under Section 63 Enactment Sharia Criminal State of Melaka 1991.  If found guilty they will be fined up to RM5000, or three years jail or both. Melaka banned Shi’ism on 24th September 2015.

Incidents of Anti-Shiism in September, 2016



Death count in Iraqi Shia has totaled 372 in the month of September. Baghdad topped the charts with the majority number of Shia killed, with Madain following second. Targeting of Shia Muslims in Madain has been on a particular rise in the year 2016. The majority of deaths has been due to IED’s, suicide bombings and gunfire.

As the number of injured exceeds the casualty count, one can understand that the aim of Shia targeting is not only elimination of this population but also induction of fear. The majority of attacks, 99%, were targeted at not religious centers, but at everyday destinations, such as cafe’s or marketplaces and shopping centers.

Incidents of particular concern have been a chain of explosions in densely populated areas of Baghdad, particularly the neighborhoods of Hurriya, Husainiya, Diyala bridge, and Abu-Dashir . Attacks were claimed by ISIS. ISIS targeting of Shia-populated areas have been ongoing since their reign and little attention has been given to them. Anti-Shiism sentiment adopted by ISIS has held a long history in Wahhabi extremism.


Saudi Arabia

This year, September began in unison with the Muslim Hajj season. In light of last years targeted abuse of Shia Muslims in the Hajj processions and in efforts to reduce anti-Shiism, Shia Rights Watch issued a travel advisory warning Shia Muslims of possible tensions and encouraging reports of human rights violation. Total transparency on the part of Saudi Arabian forces and Shia pilgrims was also encouraged.

However, Shia rights abuse continued to persist as a total of 17 Shia Muslims were detained unjustly. In addition, many Shia report having to undergo extra process in entering the Kingdom. Thirteen of the 17 arrested were Bahraini citizens, which raises concern as hajj processions are a religious rituals with the aim of creating unity among the global Muslim community and spreading peace. With their arrests, Saudi forces have disrupted the peace and have used hajj as a means of political control in the region.

Ala Taha, an Iraqi scholar was also arrested in this years Hajj procession. In mid-September, Taha was sentenced to three-month incarceration and a total of 300 flagellations. With the efforts of Shia Rights Watch legal and advocacy team, and the Iraqi Embassy, Taha was released before the end of hajj processions.

Three other Shia scholars Sayed Zainedin, Sayed Jafar Mosavi and Abo-Hamed Yousofi were also detained upon their entrance to the Medina airport.

Anti-Shiism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is systemic as scholars and religious leaders in the nation have encouraged hatred. One example of this is the twitter post of Mufti A’eth al-Gharni, in which he denounced 80 million Shia earlier this month.



On the eighth of September, punjabi police forces raised a women’s seminary in Hussainabad, sahiwal, without warrant. Anti-Shiism sentiment has been on the rise in southeast Asia, specifically Pakistan. In the past, anti-Shia actions were carried out by extremist groups such as LeJ or SeS in forms of targeted bombings or shooting of Shia in prominent social classes. The recent rise in unwarranted raids of Shia Islamic seminaries is a sign of escalating anti-Shiism tension in Pakistan. Shia Rights Watch has and continues to warn the rise of such sectarian hatred as little justice has been displayed. Justice must be served and recognition of wrong doing must be announced by responsible parties in order to reduce sectarian conflicts in not only Pakistan, but also the region.



Conditions in Bahrain continue to be striving for Shia citizens. Abbas Abdul-Nabi, an activist has been placed in solitary confinement. Abdul-nabi has been critically ill as result of police brutality on peaceful protest. Abdul-Nabi has been denied medical attention.

If not detained, numerous activist have been denied leaving the nation, one such being Sharaf al-Mousawi. Ahmed Reda, a journalist, has also been restricted from traveling outside of Bahrain- no reasons have been announced for said restrictions.

Upon the return of Hajj, many Bahraini travelers have had their passports withheld.




A prominent Mufti in Mauritania has called for action against the growth of the Shia religion in this country. This outright denouncement of Shia community is a display of an expansion of anti-Shiism in this country, and more importantly in the region. Shia Rights Watch strongly condemns any isolation of minority communities in Mauritania and urges peaceful action against hatred.

Update: Shia Scholar sentenced to 3-month incarceration and 300 flagellation, during HAJJ 2016


Thanks for all the effort and follow up with our team and Iraqi Embassy in Saudi Arabia, Shia Scholar “Ala Taha” got released today.


BREAKING: Saudi Arabia authorities arrested Iraqi Shia #Scholar “Sheikh Taha” in Mina during Hajj pilgrimage sentencing him to 3-month incarceration and 300 flagellations for an unknown reason. Shia Rights Watch during the beginning of the Hajj season has warned the Shia Muslims toward Anti-Shia threats that they might face during the Hajj. Saudi Arabia authorities are known for their act of violence toward Shia and in many cases preventing Shia Muslims from practicing their faith in public. Many cases of beating and arresting were reported to Shia Rights Watch, and we are working with Iraqi Authorities to release Hajj pilgrims from detention.



Hajj 2016 Travel Advisory


Shia News Wire # 82

August 26th to September 2nd/2016


Baghadad and Madaen continue to have the highest Shia fatality rate as 37 Shia were killed due to IED and 5 bodies found.

The deadliest suicide bombing of the week killed 23 in Ain al- Tamur, a town 40 kilometers west of the city of Karbala on August 30th. According to sources four suicide bombers had planned to explode their vest in different areas of the city; however officials arrested three of them after one bomb exploded.

Also, thousands of bodies found in more than 72 mass graves throughout Iraq on August 31st. Graves are located in different areas such as isolated mountains. Human rights activists believe ISIS is only group capable of such crime and victims belong to minority groups such as Shia Muslims

A mass arrest happened on August 31st, as authorities arrested 12 to 15 activists and journalist from Hazara community during a protest about a major power transmission line during a visit to the area by Afghan President Ashraf Ghani. Witnesses report forces assaulted reports and arbitrarily detained them for 24 hours.
Saudi Arabia

On August 31st, two Shia clerics were arrested in Qatif, Saudi Arabia. Mohammad Zain Alhdon and Jaafar Alawi were arrested, no explanation is given yet.

Taiba Ismail, 36 year old female blogger, was sentenced on 31st  for tweets she had written that were critical of the monarchy. She had already spent 65 days in prison in relation to the case.

Another Shia man, Eric Daya, was kidnapped on August 30th. There is no update on his case.

Shia community has lost members due to kidnapping previously. Oun Alac, another Shia man, was kidnapped last year and war never found. His family believes he is dead.


Incidents of Anti-Shiism in August, 2016

Incidents of Anti-Shiism in August, 2016

This monthly report will analyze the data compiled on Shia deaths, injuries, and arrests that occurred between August 1st and 31st, 2016. This month there were 334 deaths, and 67 wounded in the Shia community. Also 47 to 50 cases of arrest were reported.  Anti-Shia violations were reported in 9 countries during this month, however the reporters are aware that violations are not limited to what is being reported here.

As usual Iraqi Shia face the highest number of casualty and fatality due to bombing and explosions.

Bahrain has highest number of arrest as 31 Shia, including 16 clerics, were arrested.

In August, Shia Muslims were targeted in 9 countries; Bahrain, Iraq, Pakistan, Madagascar, Kuwait, Egypt, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia and Malaysia.

The data for this report was gathered from a variety of different sources. The most well-known incidents of anti-Shiism were retrieved from stories that are reported to Shia Rights Watch by eyewitnesses, each incident is thoroughly evaluated for both authenticity and relevance. For an incident to be included in this report it has to show clear intent to target Shia Muslims and their communities.

Increasing pressure to Shia clerics in different countries such as Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and Afghanistan worries human right activists as they are the leaders of their communities.

Shia Rights Watch_Incidents of Anti-Shiism in August, 2016


Three Shia killed and One arrested in Afghanistan during August. Beside historically high violation toward Hazarah community, violation to Shia clerics has increased in Afghanistan. A Shia cleric, Yonus Alawi, was shot to death while returning from daily prayer at local mosque in Herat, And according to local Afghan media sources Taliban beheaded a Hazara, Khair Mohammad, student of Faryab College on August 21, 2016. He was travelling by bus when Taliban stopped the bus near Shirin Tagab, and after identifying him as Shia, dragged him out and beheaded him on spot.

In addition, Sheikh Ghorban Gholampour was arrested by Afghan authorities on August 22nd. No detail is available on his case yet.

A mass arrest happened on August 31st, as authorities arrested 12 to 15 activists and journalist from Hazara community during a protest about a major power transmission line during a visit to the area by Afghan President Ashraf Ghani. Witnesses report forces assaulted reports and arbitrarily detained them for 24 hours.


Systematic oppression of the Bahraini Shia continues on in the month of August but mostly in a form of arrest and pressure to Shia clerics. 30 Shia, including 16 Shia clerics, were arrested, one center attacked and 47 clerics summoned during this month.

On August 2nd, a Bahraini court postponed activist Nabeel Rajab’s trial until the 5th of September and denied his request for bail. Rajab’s defense team had requested his release over concerns about his health, but the court denied the petition.

On August 4th, a Bahraini court arrested and sentenced 2 Shia clerics to 15 days for participating in peaceful assembly in the neighborhood of Addar.

Bahraini police have arrested four Shia clerics. Sheikh Issa Momen, the Friday prayers leader of Khayf Mosque in the village of Dair, east of the capital Manama, was taken into custody on Saturday.  According to the report, police forces also detained Sheikh Ali al-Hamli, Seyyed Mohsen Qarifi and Sheikh Fazil Zaki in eastern Manama for questioning.

On August 8th, 12 people have been detained and charged with unlawful assembly over demonstrations near the home of a Shia cleric. They were arrested in Diraz in a sit-in in support of Sheikh Isa Qassim, who lost his citizenship in June.

On August 14th, Hani Basira was detained after being summoned for interrogation as the result of his participation in campaign that advocates for Shia clerics.

On August 15 Bahrain court charged Sheikh Maytham Al-Salman and activist and medic Dr. Taha Al-Derazi with illegal gathering accusation. Al-Salman has been released on bail, while Al-Derazi is remanded in custody. Numbers of other activists were arrested following the sit-in of August 14th, however no detailed information is available on their cases.

In another violation, Ra’as Roman, a Shia center was attacked and the management access to the center was limited  since the locks on the door was changed.

  • Sayed Majeed Al-Mashaal
  • Sheikh Mohammad Jawad Al-Shahabi
  •  Sheikh Mounir Al-Maatouk
  • Sheikh Ali Hmaidan
  •  Sheikh Ali Al-Jufairi
  •  Sheikh Imad Al-Shaala
  • Sheikh Abdulaziz Al-Khidran
  • Sheikh Hussein Al-Mahrous
  • Sayed Yassine Al-Mosawi

Increased pressure of Shia clerics in Bahrain is threatening the leadership among Bahraini Shia. SRW believe such leaders could be helpful resources to bring peace back to Bahrain only if this kingdom stops violating their rights.

Shia Rights Watch_Incidents of Anti-Shiism in August, 2016_1


On average 8 Shia were killed in Iraq as this country continues to have highest number of casualty rate among all countries with Shia rights violation.  Explosion and gunfire are mostly used methods of killing Shia civilians.

Iraq suffered 44 attacks in different cities this month alone. Most of the attacks occurred in Baghdad. Besides Baghdad, Mahmudiyah, Yousefye, Karbala, and Madaen were also highly targeted. 251 Shia were killed as the result of explosions and another 12 wounded. As many as 19 bodies also found mainly in Baghdad worrying Shia community even more.

The deadliest suicide bombing killed 23 in Ain al- Tamur, a town 40 kilometers west of the city of Karbala on August 30th. According to sources four suicide bombers had planned to explode their vest in different areas of the city; however officials arrested three of them after one bomb exploded.

Also, thousands of bodies found in more than 72 mass graves throughout Iraq on August 31st. Graves are located in different areas such as isolated mountains. Human rights activists believe ISIS is only group capable of such crime and victims belong to minority groups such as Shia Muslims. In addition to violation toward Iraqi Shia in their country, they are subject to violation elsewhere too. Shia Iraqi pilgrims were subject to verbal abuse, humiliation and unnecessary search in Medina airport, Saudi Arabia.  Saudi authorities also arrested number of group counselors because they found The Rules of The Pilgrimage book in their belongings. In some cases their luggage were ripped to be searched for Shia prayer books.

Saudi Arabia

Reportedly 9 Shia minors that are threatened currently on death row. They are:

  • Ali al-Nimir
  • Abdullah alZaher
  • Dawood al-Marhoon
  • Hussein Ali alBata
  • Saeed Mohammed alSkafi
  • Salman Amin al-Koraysh
  • Mojtaba alSuwaiket
  • Abdullah Salman Al Surih
  • Hassan Abdul Wahab Al Jazer

On August 31st, two Shia clerics were arrested in Qatif, Saudi Arabia. Mohammad Zain Alhdon and Jaafar Alawi were arrested, no explanation is given yet.

Shia rights violation is expected to increase in Saudi Arabia during Hajj season. In number of cases Saudi Shia were not give permission to participate in Hajj pilgrimage as Saudi authorities denies and limits their right to religion.

Shia Rights Watch_Incidents of Anti-Shiism in August, 2016


79 Pakistani Shia killed and 55 wounded in 4 separate attacks to Shia community in Pakistan.

On August 1st, a targeted attack killed Ghulam Nabi and Mohammad Nabi, two Hazara community members. No group or individual has claimed responsibility as of now.

August 4th, another attack to a bus, in Balochistan, carrying Shia pilgrims to Iran wounded 5 people.

The deadliest attack was on August 8th, as 76 people have been killed and over 50 others injured when a bomb exploded near Civil Hospital in Quetta on Monday. The blast, followed by firing was heard after president of Balochistan Bar Association Advocate Bilal Anwar Kasi was shot dead by unidentified assailants in Quetta

August 13th, Pakistani Shia residence of Dera Ismail Khan reported receiving a threat letter signed by ISIS demanding them to convert to Islam or be killed.

August 22nd, Targeted shooting in Pakistan claimed another Shia life as a 32 year old man was shot and killed on August 22nd.


According to number of news outlets, The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) issued a report on July 21 showing that there were 70 incidents of assault against Egyptian Shia during the period from January 2011 to May 2016. However no detailed report is available to activists. SRW contacted EIPR to obtain a copy of the report but received no response yet. Activists believe the agency is not willing to publish the report due to increased anti-Shia activities in Egypt and elsewhere. It is believed such report will endanger Shia population and the agency even more.


Kuwait court has sentenced a Shia Muslim lawmaker, Dashti, to 14 and half years in prison for criticizing the ruling families in Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. He strongly criticized the Bahraini regime’s repression of the opposition and Saudi Arabia’s deployment of troops in 2011 to Bahrain to assist the Al Khalifah regime in its crackdown on the peaceful anti-regime protests.

In May 2015, the Dashti called for the foreign minister to be questioned over Kuwait’s involvement in the Saudi-led air strikes on Yemen, which he said violated the constitution.


Madagascar has reported its first Shia killing as 19 year old was killed on August 9th.  No group has claimed responsibility yet.  Investigations are still underway.

Another Shia man, Eric Daya, was kidnapped on August 30th. There is no update on his case.

Shia community has lost members due to kidnapping previously. Oun Alac, another Shia man, was kidnapped last year and war never found. His family believe he is dead.


Anti-Shia cleric and a member of Kedah Deputy Mufti Sheikh Marwazi Dziyauddin suggested based on the Security Offences Act (Special Measures) 2012 (Sosma) law must be improved in order to stop spread of Shia teachings in the country. “Generally, we know even the police could not take action against individuals involved in the Shia teaching due to the legal constraints, therefore it is more appropriate that Sosma be amended to enable the authorities to do so” he stated in the National Security Dialogue Session at the Home Ministry Hall in Alor Setar. Anti-Shia activities have increased dramatically in Malaysia although freedom of religion is observed for all other minorities in this country.

Shia Rights Watch_Trend of Violations against Shia Muslims in 2016


As many as 334 Shia killed, 67 wounded and, 47 to 50 arrested and 47 summoned during the month of August in 9 different countries. Anti-Shia violations also included attack to Shia centers, threat to be killed and call for more pressure on Shia communities.

Anti Shi’ism is on the rise in many countries. Shia Rights Watch condemns these acts of violence and urges the international community to put pressure on these governments who are violating these human rights. We must ensure that minorities are able to live a safe, fair, and just life within the communities they live all over the world.

Shia Rights Watch has issued a Hajj 2016 Advisory to help Shia pilgrimage during their visit to Saudi Arabia as Shia rights violation increases during Hajj every year.