Bi-Annual Report 2018

Anti-Shiism is prevalent and spreading in 2018. Already halfway through the year, the number of countries where Shia Muslim violations have occurred increased from 6 in January to 16 by the end of June. Countries examined in this report for their anti-Shiism include Nigeria, Bahrain, Malaysia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Iraq, Canada, India, Afghanistan, and Israel. Some of the worst months for Shia Muslims thus far are January and April, each having 673 total incidents of Anti-Shiism. Already at half of the year, there have been a total of 356 Shia killed, 812 Shia wounded, 352 Shia sentenced, and 666 Shia arrested. Some standard methods of anti-Shia attacks include shootings, bombings, torture, home raids, abductions, deportation, denial of medical care, institutionalized anti-Shia laws, stabbings and more. Currently, the most dangerous country for Shia civic and human rights violations is Bahrain, leading with a total of 1,287 anti-Shia incidents. From January to June 2018 there was an average of 468 cases of Anti-Shiism per month worldwide.

April is one of the months with the highest cases of Anti-Shiism, and because April coincides with the month of Shaban in which Shia Muslims celebrate a number of occasions. The spike of violations during this month is aimed at limiting the Shia communities participation in Shia related activities or gatherings.

It is important to note that Shia rights abuses listed in this report are a summary of incidents that have been reported to Shia Rights Watch. Violations are not limited to those in this report. More information can be found on ShiaRightsWatch.org.

 

BAHRAIN:

Bahrain started 2018 with a total of 497 incidents of anti-Shiism in January, the majority of which were arrests and sentences. Now, halfway through the year, Bahrain is at a total of 1,287 cases of anti-Shiism. Although Bahrain is a Shia majority nation, it is governed by a non-Shia monarchy that systematically tyrannizes Shia Muslims due to their ideological beliefs, and continuously violate the fundamental Human Rights of the Shia Community. While the reported number of physically wounded only totals seven during the first six months of 2018, it is estimated that the exact number is likely higher due to abuses sustained during detention. The usage of torture is prevalent in Bahraini prisons, and physical abuse is widely underreported or ignored in any official capacity. Many detainees suffer serious health issues and are repeatedly denied access to medical attention while imprisoned, and those with pre-existing conditions suffer severe deteriorations in their health.

The total number of arrest made was 678, and many of those arrested continue to be detained without proper due process procedures. Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states: “Anyone arrested or detained on a criminal charge shall be brought promptly before a judge or other officer authorized by law to exercise judicial power and shall be entitled to trial within a reasonable time or to release. It shall not be the general rule that persons awaiting trial shall be detained in custody, but release may be subject to guarantees to appear for trial.” Article 9 also addresses the right to legal representation with consent, with adequate time allowed to prepare for a defense strategy. These rights have been stripped away from countless citizens of Bahrain, and Shia Muslims, in particular, are targeted. The most significant number of Shia arrests occurred in March 2018 with 178 incidents, proving March to be the most dangerous month for Bahrain so far this year.

The total number of other cases of Anti-Shiism include home raids, deportation, abductions, denial of medical care, and destruction of Shia Mosques, totaling an additional 602 incidents. The highest number of Shia arrests occurred in March 2018 with 178 events, proving March to be the most dangerous month for Bahrain so far this year. March was full of Bahraini officials cracking down on alleged acts of “terrorism,” even relating terrorism to accusations of affiliation with Iran.

Compared to other countries, Bahrain has the most systematically oppressive laws explicitly designed to target Shia Muslims. For example, King Hamad banned members from Shia opposition parties from running in upcoming elections. Limitations in civic activity is a ban that strips Shia of their political rights. Bahrain continues to imprison Shia Muslims that disagree with the regime for reasons of “treason,” unjustly and systematically oppressing them.

 

Additionally, Shia Muslims who have been convicted of a felony for critiquing the oppression of the Bahraini government, or expressing their religious identity cannot run for parliament, which includes many activist or clerics that have been sentenced for dissenting or opposing the laws and practices of the Bahraini government.

Ultimately, the majority of incidents against Shia Muslims result in them becoming prisoners of conscience with the entire legal system revolving around the repression of Shia Muslims.

 

NIGERIA:

Nigeria started the year with only two cases of Anti-Shiism in January and spiked up to a total of 329 by the end of June. Arrests make up 89% of all incidents of anti-Shiism in Nigeria, with a total of 293 so far this year. Most of these arrests occurred in April.

In April, a week after the daughter of Sheikh Zakzaky declared that Nigerian officials continued to deny her father necessary medical treatment for his deteriorating glaucoma. About 230 reported peaceful protesters were arrested as they gathered to demand the release of Sheikh Ibraheem Zakzaky, an Islamic Movement leader, unjustly held in prison by the Nigerian Federal Government since December of 2015. In an attempt to disperse the crowd, Nigerian police officers opened fire on the group and employed the use of tear gas, killing one person and injuring two. Although there was a 2016 court order authorizing the release of Zakzaky, the authorities have failed to enact the order. Shia protestors say they are being specifically targeted and are unjust victims of police brutality. Systematic targeting of Shia Muslims is a violation of Article Eighteen of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which recognizes the universal right to freedom of belief and religion. Although 89% of Nigeria’s cases were arrests, Shia Muslims are still being killed and wounded in Nigeria. So far in 2018, five people have been killed and another 25 injured for being Shia. Most attacks have been carried out by police forces.

 

SAUDI ARABIA:

Anti-Shia action is rapidly growing in Saudi Arabia. The year began with one case of reported anti-Shiism in January, but by the end of June had 33 total incidents total. In the first six months of 2018, the total number of incidents of anti-Shiism in Saudi Arabia included three people killed, one wounded, 26 arrested and three other acts of anti-Shiism. Saudi Arabia saw the most cases of anti-Shiism so far this year in June when officials detained 17 high profile female activists.

These female activists were arrested for advocating for a progressive reform for women’s rights. These arrests, as well as reports of intimidating phone calls warning activists to remain silent, are being viewed as a reiteration that only the government has the power to enact change and that protests against the traditional modus operandi will not be tolerated, leading to activist arrest by charges that are anti-establishment activities. SRW notes that in Saudi Arabia female activist are more likely to be arrested, with the more than half of the cases of arrest and sentencing explicitly being female activists.

 

 

IRAQ:

As the dominance of ISIS has diminished in Iraq, we have seen the overall level of violence in the country come down. However, there are still clear incidents of anti-Shiism being enacted all across the countryside. Iraq has had a spike in terror activity and strategic attacks in Shia-majority regions this year as the efforts to minimize the influence and prevalence of this population increases. Shia neighborhoods in Baghdad continue to be one of the most affected areas of sectarian violence, and Iraq overall is one of the most turbulent locations for Shia Muslims. Iraqi Shia were victims of roadside bombings, suicide bombings, mosque bombings, targeted poisoning, snipers, shootings, and beheadings. The most deadly day came in January when twin suicide bombings in a public square killed 38 people, wounding another 105. Overall, 186 people were killed and 524 injured for their faith during the first six months of 2018. With a total of 710 physically violent incidents of anti-Shiism, Iraq is one of the most dangerous places for Shia Muslims in the world.

 

AFGHANISTAN:

2018 started off relatively quietly for Afghanistan but progressing into March and April; there was a sharp spike in anti-Shia incidents. Suicide bombings during these two months alone took the lives of 118 Afghan Shias, wounding 228 others in the process. The most significant day came on April 22nd in Kabul with multiple attacks. Bombers targeted Hazara Shias at voter registration locations, killing 63 and wounding over 100 others as they waited in line to get their voter cards. ISIS claimed responsibility and said they were intentionally targeting Shia. Later that afternoon, a roadside bomb took the lives of 6 others, making it the deadliest day of 2018 so far. Lack of institutional protection for minorities like Shia Muslims has left this population vulnerable to targeted attacks from extremist groups like ISIS and the Taliban, two groups who consider Shia to be infidels because of their faith. In the first six months of 2018, the total number of Afghan Shia killed rose to 122, and the number wounded in attacks grew to 233.

Reports and analysis detailing vulnerability of ethnic Shia populations such that of the Hazara can be found on ShiaRightsWatch.org.

 

PAKISTAN:

Like Afghanistan, Shia Muslims in Pakistan live with the constant threat of targeted terrorism due to a lack of substantial government interventionist measures. Radical anti-Shia sentiment is allowed to flourish, making Pakistan a hotbed for violent incidents of anti-Shiism.

The fear for Pakistan’s future is that extremist groups like Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama (ASWJ) will continue to assert their influence on the government in a systematic fashion, normalizing violence against the Shia population until anti-Shiism becomes institutionalized. For example, in March, a member of the ASWJ used his connections at the JUI political party to bring charges of blasphemy against 20 Shia Muslims in the Sindh province. This case was a blatant attempt to normalize blasphemy as punishable by law to make religious discrimination in Pakistan systematic, rather than just an extremist sentiment.

Overall, 30 Shia Muslims were killed in Pakistan in the first six months of 2018, while 25 others were wounded. These numbers are down drastically compared to the first six months of 2017, but as pointed out, institutional discrimination is on the rise and is an issue that will need to be monitored closely moving forward.

 

OTHER:

Other countries around the world are contributing to the spread of anti-Shiism in a variety of ways. In a recent video published by the head of the Arab media division for the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), Avichay Adraee commented that the Shia are a threat to the stability of the region, inviting “Arabs and Muslims” to take his advice and resist Iran. Adraee references sources in Islamic literature to warn about the Shia faith, and then talks about the danger of Iran’s influence on the region. Although it is expected for an Israeli officer to have negative comments on Iran and reaction to its political movements, it is not acceptable to degrade a faith or religion and associate them with a specific country. SRW believes such action and comments from the Arab media division of the IDF Spokesperson’s Unit is a certain false association. Limiting Shia to one nation and identifying them as a threat by Adraee is clear evidence that there must be more education and advocacy for Shia rights. Shia Muslims must not be associated with any particular country, political or ethnic group.

There was a similar thread of Anti-Shia rhetoric in South Africa in May with postings such as “If you kill a Shia you go straight to heaven,” and “When walking in the street, or in public places, it’s becoming increasingly important to become vigilant as to who may be a Shi’ah, and who may be not. Here are some general guidelines…” These remarks were posted on Facebook accounts and aired on local radio talk shows. Shia Muslims have been proven to be positive and peaceful contributors to their communities and are loyal to their homelands no matter what country they belong to. However, with the spread of anti-Shia speech, the anti-Shia sentiment is prevailing.

Elsewhere, Shia Muslims are experiencing forced disappearances for their beliefs. In Malaysia, a foreign exchange trader went missing after it was discovered he followed the Shia Muslim tradition.

In February, a prominent Shia leader and activist were shot dead in Kashmir region of India by ISIS terrorists as he was traveling.

Furthermore, lest it is thought that anti-Shiism doesn’t affect Shia communities in the West, in February prayer stones in University of Toronto prayer room were vandalized, and a letter was left stating: “To the Shia: No such thing as following Imam Ali. And no such thing as using a stone for praying. – Kind Regards.”  This is further proof that anti-Shiism sentiment knows no boundaries and can be used against Shia Muslims anywhere, anytime, for any reason.

 

 

 




Anti-Chiisme

Anti- Chiisme : une nouvelle terminologie dans le domaine des Droits de l’Homme

Le terme «anti- Chiisme» désigne des préjugés ou de la haine contre les Musulmans Chiites.

Le terme a été introduit par «Shia Rights Watch» en 2011. Cependant, le mouvement anti- Chiisme, a une longue histoire.

L’Histoire des Chiites

Les Chiites affrontent depuis longtemps, dans l’histoire, l’injustice. Depuis le martyre du Prophète de l’Islam, le Prophète Mohammad, les Chiites ont été victimes de discrimination parce qu’ils ont critiqué les califes de leurs injustes et violents actes. Les Chiites voudraient plaider la non-violence et les droits égaux pour tous; en revanche les califes veulent continuer leur négligence dans les fondamentaux droits humains.

L’accroissement de ces différences idéologiques conduit à la formation de groupes extrémistes anti-Chiites tels que le wahhabisme, le salafisme et les sectes naçibis. De nombreux Chiites ont perdu leur liberté, leur dignité et leur vie, tout au long de l’histoire, entre les mains de ces groupes. Onze des douze Imams Chiites et leurs compagnons ont été assassinés soit par des groupes anti- chiites ou par des dictateurs. Dès lors, on peut conclure que l’anti-Chiisme a été une menace pour les chiites depuis la mort du Prophète Mohammad.

La situation actuelle

Au cours des dernières années, et avec le soutien financier de l’Arabie Saoudite, l’anti- Chiisme a augmenté de façon spectaculaire dans le monde entier: Démolition des Sanctuaires Chiites en Arabie Saoudite, attaques sur les maisons des Chiites à Bahreïn, massacres de Chiites au Pakistan, bombes sur la route dans les zones chiites de la Syrie et de l’Irak, effusion de sang des populations Chiites et Alawites à Damas, incendie des maison résidentielles Chiites en Indonésie et pression sur les Chiites en Malaisie sont parmi les exemples les plus récents de l’anti-Chiisme.

Toutefois, les assassinats et les homicides ne sont pas les seules manifestations d’anti-Chiisme.

L’anti-Chiisme se retrouve sous d’autres formes non limitatives dans:

La Foi (certaines sectes considèrent les Chiites comme des non- croyants (kouffar),

L’économie (les Chiites sont incapables de monter à un niveau élevé dans les emplois gouvernementaux, et ne peuvent détenir des positions essentielles à Bahreïn et en Arabie Saoudite).

Le social (les Chiites sont exclus des règles de la société en Malaisie).

L’assujettissement (dans certaines parties du monde, les Chiites sont traités comme des citoyens de seconde classe).

L’anti-Chiisme : Un phénomène grandissant

L’anti-Chiisme gagne de l’emprise dans la société, augmente sans cesse et se diffuse dans de nombreux domaines y compris dans les Médias et les Organisations des Droits de l’Homme.

L’anti-Chiisme et les Médias

L’exemple le plus moderne de l’anti-Chiisme peut être observé dans les médias. Depuis le Printemps Arabe, les Chiites ont été menacés par des extrémistes, des milliers ont été assassinés et blessés, de nombreuses femmes et des enfants Chiites ont été arrêtés et torturés, et des sites historiques ont été démolis et diminués en nombre.

Or,

Nombreux sont les Médias qui restent silencieux envers de tels actes inhumains contre les Chiites.

Les Anti-Chiites et les Organisations des Droits de l’Homme

Depuis le début de la révolte en 2011, l’anti-Chiisme a éclaté au Moyen-Orient et « SRW» a contacté les nombreuses Organisations des Droits de l’Homme afin de prendre des mesures et mettre fin à la violence contre les Chiites, mais aucune mesure sérieuse n’a été prise. Par conséquent, le nombre de meurtres se multiplie chaque jour dans des pays comme l’Arabie Saoudite, le Bahreïn, la Syrie, le Pakistan, l’Indonésie et la Malaisie. Les blessés en Syrie et à Bahreïn n’ont pas accès aux installations médicales. Les femmes et les enfants n’ont pas de sécurité en Syrie. En Arabie saoudite, les Chiites ne peut pas pratiquer leurs Droits Humains fondamentaux, ils sont considérés comme des citoyens de seconde classe, et n’ont absolument aucune liberté. En Malaisie, les Chiites n’ont pas le droit de pratiquer ou d’enseigner leur foi en public. En Indonésie, les Chiites n’ont pas de foyers.

Or,

de nombreuses Organisations des Droits de l’Homme préfèrent le silence et ne s’impliquent pas.

« L’Anti-Chiisme » dans les dictionnaires

«Shia Rights Watch» est fier d’être le premier à introduire le mot «anti-Chiisme» comme un nouveau vocabulaire dans les dictionnaires.

«Shia Right Watch» a contacté un certain nombre de dictionnaires en 2012 et leur a demandé d’ajouter anti- chiisme à leurs listes de vocabulaire. Récemment les violations des Droits des Chiites ont augmenté dans le monde entier et il est très important que les dictionnaires offrent les meilleurs mots pour définir les crimes motivés par la haine et la discrimination envers les Musulmans Chiites. Les dictionnaires urbains de Merriam Webster, ont félicité la nouvelle terminologie.

Des informations complètes concernant la nouvelle terminologie peut se trouver dans les liens suivants:

http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Anti-Shi%E2%80%99ism

http://nws.merriam-webster.com/opendictionary/newword_display_alpha.php?letter=An&last=60

«SRW» apprécie les dictionnaires urbains de Merriam Webster pour avoir répondu rapidement et invite toutes les Organisations des Droits de l’Homme et les Médias à utiliser le mot “anti-Chiisme” lors de la déclaration de la violation des Droits de l’Homme à l’égard des Musulmans Chiites.

 

«SRW» et l’Anti-Chiisme

«SRW» insiste pour que le terme «anti-chiisme» soit utilisé en ce qui concerne les crimes contre les Chiites. Le monde est témoin de ces actes odieux qui sont menées dans une approche préjudiciable et systématique envers chiites à travers le monde. Le terme «anti-Chiisme» et sa dérivation offre une représentation réaliste des événements et de leur impact, et reconnaît la persécution qui cible les Chiites en tant que groupe, uniquement en ce qui concerne leurs croyances. Ces crimes sont des actes injustes, graves, qui menacent la vie et les moyens de subsistance des Chiites et doivent être reconnues et doivent cesser immédiatement.




Anti-Shi’ism

A New Term in the Human Rights Field

 

The term “Anti-Shi’ism” means prejudice against or hatred of Shia Muslims.

The term was first introduced by Shia Rights Watch in 2011. The act of Anti-Shi’ism, however, has a long history.

Shia in History

Shia have a long history of facing injustice. Ever since the death of the Prophet of Islam, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), Shia have faced discrimination because they criticized the Caliphs for unjust and violent acts. Shia advocated non-violence and equal human rights for all; the Caliphs, on the other hand, neglected people’s basic human rights.

The growth of these ideological differences led to the formation of anti-Shia extremist groups, such as the Wahabbi, Salafi and Nasebi sects. Many Shia have lost their freedom, dignity,and lives throughout history at the hands of such groups. Eleven out of the twelve Shia Imams and their companions were murdered by either anti-Shia groups or dictators. It can therefore be concluded that anti-Shi’ism has been a threat to Shia since the death of the Prophet Muhammad.

Current Situation

In recent years, with the financial support of Saudi Arabia, Anti-Shi’ism has increased dramatically throughout the world and includes: the demolition of Shia Shrines in Saudi Arabia; attacks on Shia homes in Bahrain; the mass killing of Shia in Pakistan; road bombs in Shia-populated areas of Syria and Iraq; targeted attacks on Shia and Alawies in Damascus; and the destruction of Shia homes in Indonesia and pressure on Shia in Malaysia[JS2] to convert.

Murder and forced displacement however, are not the only manifestation of anti-Shi’ism.

Anti-Shi’ism is found in other forms including, but not limited to:

Faith (some sects consider the Shia to be nonbelievers (Kuffar),

Economic (Shia are unable to climb to high level government jobs, nor can they hold critical economic positions in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia)

Social (Shia are excluded from participation in mainstream society in Malaysia)

Subjugation (In some parts of the world, Shia are treated as second-class citizens)

Anti-Shi’ism: A Growing Phenomenon

Anti-Shi’ism is gaining support in many places which is a serious cause for concern. As the odious ideology continues to spread, it has infiltrated media outlets and human rights organizations which continue to ignore the plight of Shia Muslims.

Anti-Shi’ism and the Media

The most modern and disappointing example of Anti-Shi’ism can be witnessed in the Media coverage, or lack thereof, of Shia suffering. Since the Arab Spring, Shia have been threatened by extremists, thousands have been murdered and injured, many Shia women and children have been arrested and tortured, and historical sites have been demolished and desecrated.

Yet, many media outlets remain silent in the face of such inhumane acts against Shia Muslims.

Anti-Shi’ism and Human Rights Organizations

Since the beginning of the 2011 uprisingin Middle East, as anti-Shi’ism flared in the Middle East, SRW contacted many human rights organizations to take action to stop the violence against Shia, however no serious action has been taken. As a result the number of murders is increasing every day in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Syria, Pakistan, Indonesia and Malaysia. Those injured in Syria and Bahrain have no access to medical facilities. Women and children have no security in Syria. In Saudi Arabia, Shia cannot practice their basic human rightssuch as freedoms of religion since they are considered second-class citizens with absolutely no freedom. In Malaysia Shia do not have the right to practice or teach their faith in public. In Indonesia, Shia have no homes to live in after their homes were burned down by extremists.

Yet, many human rights organizations remain silent and do not get involved.

“Anti-Shi’ism” in Dictionaries

Shia Rights Watch, is proud to be the first to introduce “Anti-Shi’ism” as a new entry to dictionaries.

Shia Rights Watch contacted a number of dictionaries in 2012 and asked them to add Anti-Shi’ism to their vocabulary lists. Recently Shia rights violations increased around the globe and it is very important that dictionaries offer the best word to define hate crimes and discrimination toward Shia Muslims. Urban, Merriam Webster and Collins dictionaries welcomed the new terminology.

Complete information regarding the new terminology can be found on the following links.

http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Anti-Shi%E2%80%99ism

http://www.collinsdictionary.com/submission/8318/anti-Shi%27ism

http://nws.merriam-webster.com/opendictionary/newword_display_alpha.php?letter=An&last=70

S.R.W appreciates Urban and Merriam Webster Dictionaries for their fast response and invites all human rights organizations and media outlets to use “Anti-Shi’ism” when reporting human rights violations toward Shia Muslims.

SRW and Anti-Shi’ism

SRW insists that the term “Anti-Shi’ism” must be used in regards to crimes against Shia. The world is witnessing these heinous acts that are carried out in a prejudicial and systematic approach toward Shia through the world. The term “anti-Shi’ism” and its derivations offer a realistic depiction of events and their impact, and recognize the persecution that targets Shia as a group, solely on the basis of their beliefs. These crimes are serious, unjust acts that threaten the lives and livelihood of Shia. These threats must be recognized and must be stopped immediately.




Anti- Şiilik

Anti- Şiilik- Terminolojisi ve Tarihi

Anti- Şiilik terimi Şii mezhebine bağlı olan Müslümanlara karşı varolan önyargı ve nefreti tanımlamak için kullanılır.

Bu terim ilk olarak 2011 yılında Shia Rights Watch tarafından ortaya çıkarılsa da, anti- Şiilik uzun bir tarihe dayanmaktadır.

Tarihte Şiiler

Şiilerin adaletsizliğe dayanan uzun bir tarihi vardır. Hz. Muhammed’in vefatından itibaren, halifelerin adaletsiz ve şiddete dayalı yönetimlerini eleştirdiklerinden dolayı Şiiler ayırımcılığa maruz kalmışlardır. Şiiler pasif direniş ve herkes için eşit hakları savunurken, halifeler, insanların temel ihtiyaçlarını bile gözardı ediyorlardı.

Bu tür ideolojik farklılıkların büyümesi Vahabi, Selefi ve Nasebi gibi radikal gruplarda anti- Şiiliğin oluşmasına neden oldu. Bir çok Şii tarih boyunca hayatını, özgürlüğünü ve itibarını kaybetti. Tüm Şii imamlar ve onları sevenler ya anti Şii gruplarca, ya da diktatör yöneticiler tarafından öldürüldü. Anti Şiilik Hz. Muhammed’in vefatından beridir Şiiler için bir tehtid arz etmektedir.

Şimdiki Durum

Son yıllarda, Suudi Arabistan’ın da finansal desteğiyle, anti- Şiilik tüm dünyada ivme kazanmıştır: Suudi Arabistan’daki Şii türbelerinin yıkılması, Bahreyn’de Şii evlerine yapılan saldırılar, Pakistan’da Şiilerin öldürülmesi, Suriye ve Irak’da Şii nüfusun fazla olduğu yerlerde yollara koyulan bombalar, Şam’da Şiilerin ve Nusayrilerin öldürülmeleri anti- Şiiliğin en son örnekleridir.

Şii cinayetleri anti- Şiiligin tek göstergesi değildir. Anti- Şiilik aşağıda verilen katagorilerde de kendini göstermektedir:

  • İnanç (Şiiler kafir olarak görülmektedir)
  • Ekonomik (Şiiler özellikle Suudi Arabistan ve Bahreyn’de yüksek rütbeli devlet işlerine sahip olamamaktadırlar)
  • Sosyal (Şiiler Malezya’da toplumun normlari içinde sayılmamaktadırlar)
  • Irkçı (Şiiler aşağı bir ırk olarak görülmektedir)

 

Anti- Şiilik: Büyüyen Bir Fenomen

Anti-Şiilik toplumda, özellikle medya ve insan hakları kuruluşlarında daha fazla yer almaya başlamıştır.

  • Anti- Şiilik ve Medya

Anti- Şiiliğin en büyük örneği medyada görülmektedir. Arap baharının ortaya çıkmasından itibaren Şiiler radikal gruplar tarafından tehtid edilmeye başlamışlardır, binlercesi yaralanmış ya da öldürülmüştür. Bir çok Şii kadın ve çocuk tutuklanmış, işkenceye maruz kalmıştır. Şiilere ait birçok tarihi yapı yakılıp yıkılmıştır. Buna rağmen, medya bu konuda sessiz kalmaktadır.

  • Anti- Şiilik ve Insan Hakları Organizasyonları

2011 ayaklanmalarından itibaren anti- Şiilik ivme kazanmıştır. SRW bir çok insan hakları organizasyonuyla bu konuda harekete geçmeleri ve Şiilere karşı olan zulmü bitirmeleri için irtibata geçmesine rağmen ciddi bir sonuç alamamıştır. Buna bağlı olarak, Suudi Arabistan, Bahreyn, Suriye ve Pakistan gibi ülkelerde Şii ölümlerinin sayısı her geçen gün artmıştır. Suriye ve Bahreyn’de yaralı insanların sağlık tesislerine ulaşımları bulunmamaktadır. Suudi Arabistan’da Şiiler temel haklarından bile mahsun bırakılmaktadırlar. İkinci sınıf vatandaş sayılmanın yanı sıra birçok özgürlükten yoksundurlar. Malezya’da Şiiler inançlarını toplum içinde uygulama ve öğretme hakkına sahip değildirler. Buna rağmen, insan hakları organizasyonları bu konuda sessiz olmayı ve işin içine girmemeyi seçmişlerdir.

SRW ve Anti- Şiilik

SRW anti- Şiilik teriminin Şiilere karşı yapılan zulümleri açıklamak amacıyla kullanılmasını istemektedir. Bu zulümler tüm dünyada görülmektedir ve Şiilerin varlığını ve inançlarını tehtid etmektedir. Şiilere karşı yapılanlara karşı en kısa zamanda bir farkındalık oluşturulmalı ve bu zulüm durdurulmalıdır.




الكراهية ضد الشيعة

الكراهية ضد الشيعة- لغويا وتاريخيا

عبارة الكراهية ضد التشيع تعني التعاطي بفوقية او بكراهية ضد المسلمين الشيعة.

تم تعريف عبارة ‘الكراهية ضد التشيع’ لاول مرة في التاريخ اللغوي عبر منظمة شيعة رايتس ووتش عام 2011 الا ان العبارة لها جذور تاريخية.

الشيعة تاريخيا

 لدى الشيعة تاريخ طويل وعريق في مقارعة الظلم يمتد من اليوم الذي استشهد فيه نبي الاسلام المصطفى محمد صلى الله عليه واله. فمنذ ذلك اليوم، كانوا عرضة للتمييز بسبب اتتقاداتهم للخلفاء لما ارتكبوه من اضطهاد وعنف ضد من خالفهم.

بينما كانت الشيعة  تدعو الى تطبيق مفاهيم اللاعنف والمساواة للجميع، الخلفاء استمروا في تجاهلهم لحقوق الناس الاساسية.

وتوسعت الفجوة بسبب الاختلافات بين هاذين النهجين في العقائد والمفاهيم مما ادى مؤخرا الى تشكيل جماعات متطرفة ومعادية كالوهابية، و السلفية و… نصبت العداء لمدرسة اهل البيت عليهم السلام.

و هذا التاريخ مليء بقصص فقد الارواح في صفوف الشيعة، والحد من حريتهم والاعتداء على كراماتهم. حتى انهم قتلوا ائمة الشيعة و اصحابهم اشد قتلة بعد اعتداءات من قبل جماعات متطرفة و معادية للشيعة  وبغطاء الملوك والحكام الديكتاتوريين. وبناء على ذلك، يمكن ان نستنتج ان الكراهية ومعاداة الشيعة برزت منذ اليوم الاول لاستشهاد النبي محمد صلى الله عليه واله.

 الوضع الحالي 

تنامى شعور الكراهية ضد الشيعة في السنوات الاخيرة بشكل دراماتيكي متغذيا  بضخ التمويل المالي السعودي والقطري للجماعات المتطرفة مما ادى الى تدمير مساجد شيعية وبيوتهم في السعودية و البحرين مثلا، القتل الجماعي للشيعة في باكستان، التفجيرات على الطرقات المزدحمة في مناطق ذات اغلبية شيعية في سوريا والعراق، سفك دماء الشيعة والعلويين في دمشق كل هذا يعتبر امثلة على الكراهية ضد الشيعة.

القتل ليس المثال الوحيد على الكراهية ضد الشيعة.

بالاضافة الى ذلك، فان الكراهية ضد الشيعة تبرز على سبيل المثال لا الحصر:

  • عقائديا، يعتبر اعداء التشيع ان الشيعة خارجين عن الاسلام واكثر من ذلك فانهم يعتبرونهم كفارا.
  • اقتصاديا، غير مسموح للشيعة بالتمتع بمناصب مرموقة وهامة او حتى الحصول على وظائف حكومية من الدرجة الاولى في اغلب الدول العربية.
  • اجتماعيا، الشيعة مبعدون عن النسيج الاجتماعي في اغلب الدول العربية وبعض دول شرق آسيا كاندونيسيا مثلا.

 الكراهية ضد التشيع: تنامي الظاهرة 

 الكراهية ضد التشيع آخذة في النمو في اغلب الدول العربية و على مختلف الاصعدة وخاصة على الصعيد الاعلامي، مدعومة باموال دول معروفة بدعم التطرف والارهاب، و ربمااخذت طريقها نحو منظمات حقوق الانسان ايضا.

الكراهية ضد التشيع والاعلام 

يمكن رصد نماذج الكراهية ضد التشيع في الاعلام.

فمنذ نشوء الثورات العربية، كان الشيعة عرضة للتهديد من قبل المتطرفين. وقتل وجرح الالاف، واعتقلت النساء والاطفال، وهدمت العديد من المواقع التاريخية. هذا ويبقى الاعلام صامتا حيال ما يجري من الاعتداءات اللانسانية ضد الشيعة.

الكراهية ضد التشيع ومنظمات حقوق الانسان 

 منذ بدء الثورات عام 2011، بدأت  الكراهية ضد التشيع بالبروز واقعا في الشرق الاوسط. وبدأت منظمة شيعة رايتس ووتش بالتواصل مع منظمات حقوقية عالمية لفعل شيء ما وايقاف هذا العنف ضد الشيعة ولكن لم يكن هناك اي تجاوب جدي. لذا، فان مدى الاستهداف القاتل للشيعة في توسع كل يوم في دول كالسعودية ومن في فلكها، البحرين، سوريا وباكستان و….

وجرحى البحرين وسوريا ليس لديهم اسعافات طبية.

الشيعة في اغلب الدول العربية لا يتمتعون بحقوقهم الاساسية،

ويصنفون على انهم مواطنين من الدرجة الثانية وهم محرومون من الحرية.

الشيعة في ماليزيا، ليس لديهم الحق في ممارسة او تعلم عقيدتهم علنا.

ورغم هذا الواقع، فان منظمات حقوق الانسان فضلت الصمت على التحرك.

شيعة رايتس ووتش والكراهية ضد الشيعة

تحث شيعة رايتس ووتش على الالتفات الى خلفية الكراهية ضد التشيع في الجرائم التي ترتكب بحق الشيعة.

فهذه الجرائم ترتكب ضد الشيعة اينما وجدوا في العالم وهي مصنفة على انها جرائم جائرة وخطيرة وتهدد وجود الشيعة ومدرستهم الفكرية.  وعلى المجتمع الدولي والمنظمات الأخذ بعين الاعتبار هذه الجرائم والعمل على ايقافها فورا.