Incidents of Anti-Shiism in October, 2017

The month of October stood witness to the continued restriction of religious expression for Shia Muslims. Anti-Shiism spanned the East and West as Shia Muslims faced attacks to their livelihood.

This month, incidents of anti-Shiism reached 278. The majority of attacks occurred in the Gulf region, specifically in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Over 44% of attacks were in the form of arrests.

Although 27% has reduced death count. This reduction is due to decreased reporting in Iraq and a shift in violence measures in Bahrain. Although deaths counts have been cut, it must be noted that discrimination of Shia Muslims continues all over the world. Shia Muslims are limited in expression and congregation.  

Bahrain

Arrests continue in Bahrain as human rights defenders stay active in the struggle for freedom of expression.

The Shia population in Diraz remain limited in their religious expression as the al-Sadiq Mosque remains under seizure by army forces. In late October, the ban on Friday prayers and congregation in the mosque enters its 67th week. Peaceful protest has been met with extreme violence. Forces used tear gas and pellets to disperse protesters, causing irreparable injury and harm.

Across Bahrain, religious leaders and prominent members of the community are arrested and detained, many times without due cause. Those detained include Sayed Ali al-Mosawi, Ali Abdullah Jomaa, Jassem Abdul Jalil Hassan, Ali Hussain Abdullah, Hussein Ali, Mahmoud Zoheir, Ali Mohammad Jaafar al Motghawi and Mahdi Fattah Mahfouz.

The month of October stood witness to an all-time high in the arrest of minors. Issam Hadi Jassim, 15, was detained in the village of Karrana in the early morning, Although his whereabouts are unknown, sources report he was taken to the criminal investigation building. Six other people were detained with Jassim.

Those arrested face maltreatment on a record extend. Sources report physical, sexual and mental abuse as a result of torture. The deteriorating conditions of the detainment centers led to an outbreak of one of the most significant hunger strikes in modern history. SRW activists report fast failing health of hunger strikers.

Afghanistan

Despite promises to increase security in Shia populated areas of Afghanistan, recent Taliban attacks display a need for the development of substantial security measures. In mid-October, the Valley of Mirza Olang was seized by Taliban forces as Afghan forces withdrew their troops from the region. Mirza Olang was home to attacks in August, which lead to the death of over 50 villagers. It must be noted that Shia populated areas of Afghanistan, including Mirza Olang, are areas that have been, and continue to be, tactically used against foreign intrusion. Further, these are areas are home to abundant natural resources.

Pakistan

Terror organizations target Shia dominant areas of Pakistan. In mid- October, suicide bombs and shooters killed over 25 civilians and injured 37 others. The attacks occurred in the Jhal magsi district of Baluchistan and aimed at Hazara populated areas of the country.

Despite the prevalence of attacks on the Hazara community, little has been done to protest this population. Despite increased international pressures, Pakistan has yet to implement adequate security plans against terrorism in this nation. In addition to the failure of prevention, Pakistan has failed to carry out prosecution of hate-promoting agents.

Malaysia

Raids in the Ulu Titram area of Malaysia has led to the arrest of 21 people. Shia teachings, books, a Moharram banner and Karbala stone, were seized; “they were arrested for an offense under Section 9 of the Syariah Criminal Offences Enactment 1997 and could face a fine of not more than RM3,000, or imprisonment for up to two years.”

In recent years, anti-Shiism has propagated all over Malaysia. Anti-Shia agents in the government take to target Shia homes and limit their expression and congregation. Items seized in the raid are not political but purely forms of religious expression.

Nigeria

Nigerian police have disrupted Muharram ceremonies in the northern city of Sokoto, arresting at least six of the participants.

Nigeria is home to one of the fastest growing Shia communities in Africa. In early 2016, clashes with the Nigerian army led to the killing of over 300 Shia Muslims. Sheikh Ibrahim Zakzaky was arrested in the clashes. His whereabouts remain unknown.

Shia in Nigeria continues to be prosecuted for their beliefs. Thier religious expression is limited and prosecuted.  More information about Shia in Nigeria can be found on ShiaRightsWatch.org

UK

Outside the Idaara Maarif – e- Islam Mosque Syed Hassan Abbas Bokhari al- Naqvi was stabbed and left for dead. Al-Naqvi, a minor, was left in critical condition and was found my his father who had gone to park the family car. The Birmingham Mail reports, ““It happened on the pavement. By the time the dad parked his car his son was on the floor. There was a young man who was brutally beating the boy with a knife. There was blood everywhere; he was hitting the boy’s neck and head. Then the attacker ran off and got into a car.” Al-Naqvi’s was one of the numerous attacks in the UK.

Syria

Targeting of Shia majority areas of Syria continues. Early this month, two rocket shells were fired in the residential neighborhoods of al-Zahraa. The attack resulted in the material damage of homes and buildings. While no casualties have been reported, the attacks severely reduced public service resources.  

Iraq

As the event of Arabeen approaches, SRW invites increased security measures. Arbaeen has been noted as the second largest peaceful congregation in recent history. In continued commemoration of Hussain, Mohammed’s grandson, Shia Muslims gather in unison. During this ritual, Shia Muslims from all over the world walk on foot towards the city of Karbala, many of them traveling distances as long as Gulf countries.

Sources report a halt in all transportation inside the main city bounds of Karbala with the aims of regulating human traffic. On average, over 10 – 20 million pilgrims travel to Karbala for Arbaeen. In addition to limiting vehicle in the city, SRW proposes increased security checkpoint and implementation of a well planned pedestrian guidance. Further SRW warns pilgrims to be on the lookout for strange behavior and suggests communication methods found on ShiaRightsWatch.org.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia continues to limit known human rights activists in travel and speech. In mid-October, 22 arrested were over social media postings; another 24 were detained in the ha-il district for “exploiting social networking sites to promote lies and exaggerations” with the goal of provoking “sedition and tribal tensions.” A Qatari citizen was among arrested. Saudi Arabia refuses to acknowledge the ongoing violence and targeting of Shia Muslims by government forces. Demands for rights are seen as means of “tribal tension.”

India

On the 10th day of Moharram, authorities arrested six people. Officers attacked a congregation of mourners with batons, injuring them. The attacks were a means of restricting mourning processions.

Conclusion

Limitations of Shia expression continue all over the world. It must be noted that Shia rights violations are not limited to those presented in this paper. In fear or persecution or social isolation, Shia Muslims do not report incidents of anti-Shiism. More information on Shia Muslims can be found at ShiaRightsWatch.org.  




International Religious Freedom 2016 Report- Shia Rights Violations

Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor International Religious Freedom released their 2016 Report detailing human rights violations, including some of what Shia face around the world.

At Shia Rights Watch (SRW) we welcome this report and the attention given to the important issue of human right. Shia Rights Watch hopes to see more detailed report in following years with more collaboration between State Department and right NGOs.

We believe highlighting minority rights in such reports will raise attention to these groups and result in more international effort to recognize and protect human rights of all.

Saudi Arabia

Shia clerics and activists who advocated for equal treatment of Shia Muslims were arrested, and the Shia cleric Nimr al-Nimr was executed after being convicted on a number of charges including inciting terrorism and sedition.

The government convicted and imprisoned individuals on charges of apostasy, blasphemy, violating Islamic values and moral standards, insulting Islam, black magic, and sorcery. A pattern of prejudice and discrimination against Shia Muslims continued to occur with respect to access to public services and equitable representation in government, educational and public-sector employment opportunities, and judicial matters.

There were attacks during the year targeting Shia worshipers.

On July 4, there were two attacks, one in Medina against the Prophet’s Mosque, a holy site for both Sunnis and Shia, and the other in Qatif.

On January 29, suicide attackers killed four and wounded 18 in an attack on Shia al-Ridha Mosque in al-Ahsa province.

Authorities arrested Shia clerics and activists who advocated for equal treatment of Shia Muslims, and one Shia cleric was executed after being convicted of numerous charges including inciting terrorism and sedition.

Authorities continued to engage in instances of prejudicial treatment and discrimination against Shia Muslims with respect to access to public services, equitable representation in government, educational and public-sector employment opportunities, and judicial matters.

Authorities have arrested more than 1,000 Eastern Province Shia since 2011 in connection with public protests demanding greater rights for Shia. Shia Muslim groups that track arrests and convictions of Shia reported more than 300 persons remained in detention in prisons throughout Eastern Province and others remained subject to travel bans. Most were held on charges involving nonviolent offenses, including participating in or publicizing protests on social media, inciting unrest in the country, and insulting the king.

Shia mosques were generally required to use the Sunni call to prayer, including in mixed neighborhoods of both Sunni and Shia residents.

The government neither recognized nor financially supported several centers of Shia religious instruction located in the Eastern Province; it did not recognize certificates of educational attainment for their graduates or provide them employment benefits, which the government provided to graduates of Sunni religious training institutions

Shia were reportedly not represented in proportion to their numbers in academic positions in primary, secondary, and higher education and virtually all public school principals remained Sunni, while some teachers were Shia. In Najran, which has a high concentration of Ismaeli Shia, some Shia principals were hired but Najran University’s administration allegedly continued to discriminate in the hiring of Shia professors, according to a Shia academics.

The government continued to exclude Shia perspectives from the extensive government-owned religious media and broadcast programming. Shia bookstores were reportedly unwilling or unable to obtain official operating licenses.

Shia Muslims managed their own mosques under the supervision of Shia scholars. Most existing Shia mosques in Eastern Province did not seek official operating licenses, as doing so would require asking the government to extend its explicit endorsement of these mosques. The government did not finance the construction or maintenance of Shia mosques. Authorities prohibited Shia outside of the Eastern Province from building Shia-specific mosques. Construction of Shia mosques required government approval, and Shia communities were required to receive permission from their neighbors to start construction on mosques.

Multiple reports from Shia groups cited discrimination in the judicial system as the catalyst for lengthy prison sentences handed down to Shia Muslims for engaging in political expression or organizing peaceful demonstrations.

Reported instances of prejudice and discrimination against Shia Muslims continued to occur with respect to educational and public sector employment opportunities. Shia stated they experienced systemic government discrimination in hiring. There was no formal policy concerning the hiring and promotion of Shia in the private sector, but some Shia stated that public universities and employers discriminated against them, occasionally by identifying an applicant for education or employment as Shia simply by inquiring about the applicant’s hometown. Many Shia reportedly stated that openly identifying as Shia would negatively affect career advancement.

Although Shia constituted approximately 10 to 15 percent of the total citizen population and at least one-quarter of the Eastern Province’s population, representation of Shia Muslims in senior government positions continued to be much below their proportion of the population, including in national security-related positions in the Ministry of Defense, the National Guard, and the MOI. There was only one Shia minister in the national government. There were no Shia governors, deputy governors, or ministry branch directors in the Eastern Province.

Sunni clerics continued to employ anti-Shia rhetoric in Sunni mosques during the year, according to local reports. In a May interview on the Saudi Al-Majd TV channel, for example, one cleric referred to Jews as “enemies of (Islam). In fact they are at the top of the list.”

At least two attacks occurred during the year that targeted places of worship. A suicide bomber detonated himself on July 4, the last day of Ramadan, killing four security personnel at the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina, a holy site for both Sunnis and Shia. Also on July 4, two suicide bombers attacked a Shia mosque, the Faraj Al-Omran Mosque in Qatif, Eastern Province, killing only themselves. On January 29, suicide attackers killed four and wounded 18 in an attack on Shia al-Ridha Mosque in al-Ahsa Province.

Instances of prejudice and discrimination against Shia Muslims continued to occur with respect to private sector employment. Social media provided an outlet for citizens to discuss current events and religious issues, which sometimes included making disparaging remarks about members of various religious groups or “sects.” In addition, terms like “rejectionists,” which Shia considered insulting, were commonly found in public discourse.

Bahrain

The government continued to question, detain, and arrest Shia clerics, community members, and opposition politicians. It convicted a Shia cleric on charges of giving an unauthorized sermon, and revoked the citizenship of Sheikh Isa Qassim.

After Qassim’s supporters staged a sit-in demonstration around his home, police sealed off access to the neighborhood where Qassim lived, detained over 70 individuals in connection with the sit-in, and judges sentenced two Shia clerics to prison terms for participating in the sit-in.

The police continued to restrict entry and exit into the predominately Shia neighborhood though the end of the year.

In December an appeals court agreed with an earlier appeals court and resentenced Sheikh Ali Salman, Secretary General of the Shia opposition political society Wifaq, to nine years after he continued to appeal his 2014 conviction and four-year sentence on charges of inciting hatred and promoting disobedience to the law.

International human rights organizations published reports stating Shia prisoners were vulnerable to intimidation, harassment, and ill-treatment by prison guards because of their religious affiliation. Shia community representatives complained about what they said was ongoing discrimination in government employment, education, and the justice system

Representatives of the Shia community reported the continued higher unemployment rate and lower socioeconomic status of Shia were exacerbated by continued discrimination against Shia in the private as well as the public sectors.

On August 31, a court sentenced Sayed Majeed al-Mashaal, former leader of the Ulama Islamic Council, to two years in prison based on accusations he had calling on the population to rally outside Qassim’s house.

On August 18, a court convicted Sheikh Ali Humaidan of “illegal gathering” and sentenced him to one year in prison for his involvement in the sit-in.

On August 14, police summoned Sheikh Maytham al-Salman for questioning and held him overnight, on suspicions he had participated in the sit-in in Diraz. Police reportedly refused four requests by him to have a lawyer present, saying they had no orders to allow a lawyer to be present. They reportedly kept him awake in an interview room for more than a day without allowing him to change his clothes or take a shower and required him to remove his clerical robe and turban, which he said was a measure intended to “insult and intimidate a Shia cleric.” He was released on August 15, and as of year’s end a date had not been set for his trial.

The government continued to not provide regular statistics on detainees, but according to a report on Jaw Prison published in January by the government-funded Prisoner and Detainee Rights Commission, the courts had sentenced 1021 of the 2468.

Local human rights organizations and activists stated individuals imprisoned were overwhelmingly Shia.

International NGOs reported Shia prisoners were vulnerable to intimidation, harassment, and ill-treatment by prison guards because of their religion, which at times led to coerced confessions. Some Shia prisoners at Jaw Prison and at the pretrial Dry Dock facility reported they were not allowed to practice their faith freely.

Human rights activists reported discrimination against Shia in education continued. They stated the government hired foreign teachers over qualified Bahraini Shia teachers

Activists also continued to report the interview panel for university scholarships asked about students’ political views and family background if their name or address suggested they might be Shia, and believed the panels used such information to select out Shia.

The activists said many top scoring Shia applicants continued to receive scholarship offers in less lucrative or less prestigious fields.

Pakistan

In November several groups in Karachi protested after the police arrested Allama Mirza Yousuf Hussain, a prominent Shia cleric, and Faisal Raza Abidi, a Shia and former senator. Hussain was arrested under a law meant to curb the misuse of loudspeakers for hate speech for allegedly instigating violence during a speech in May at the funeral of rights activist Khurram Zaki. Hussain was released on bail a few days later.

Sectarian violent extremist groups targeted Shia houses of worship, religious gatherings, religious leaders, and other individuals in attacks resulting in 25 people killed and 19 others injured in 16 separate attacks throughout the country, according to a public database of attacks.

Jamaat-ul-Ahrar (JuA), claimed responsibility for two attacks in Shikarpur that injured 13 people at a Shia mosque and congregation hall on September 13.

Media reported that two men on a motorbike threw a homemade explosive device at a Shia congregation hall in Karachi on October 17, killing one child and injuring 20 others. Lashkar-e-Jhanvgi al-Alami, a cell of the Sunni LeJ, claimed responsibility for the attack.

On October 29, unidentified gunmen opened fire on a Shia gathering in Karachi’s Nazimabad area, killing five and injuring six. Lashkar-e-Jhanvgi al-Alami claimed responsibility for the attack.

Terrorist groups also continued to target the predominantly Shia Hazara community. Suspected militants shot and killed a Hazara man in Quetta on December 8. Gunmen in Quetta killed two Hazara Shia men on August 1, with JuA claiming responsibility for the attack.

Throughout the year, unidentified attackers targeted and killed Shia, Hazaras, and Ahmadis in attacks believed to be religiously motivated, including multiple attacks during the Islamic month of Muharram.

On November 11, three Shia students were shot by unknown gunmen on a motorbike; one of the students died from his wounds.

On October 7, gunmen shot four Shia men in two separate incidents in Karachi, killing one. Prominent Shia civil society activist Syed Khurram Zaki was shot and killed in Karachi on May 7 in an apparent targeted killing.

Four Shia were killed in two separate incidents on May 5 in Dera Ismail Khan in KP, prompting protests in the area.

On April 8, unidentified gunmen in Karachi killed three men outside a Shia mosque in Karachi.

Unidentified assailants regularly targeted the predominantly Shia Hazara community. On November 30, unidentified assailants killed a Hazara woman in Quetta.

On October 4, gunmen boarded a bus in Quetta and shot five Hazara Shia women, killing four.

Afghanistan

Shia Muslims, although holding some major government positions, said the number of positions did not reflect their demographics and complained the government neglected security in majority-Shia areas.

The ISKP publicly claimed responsibility for attacks killing over 100 members of the Shia community.

In June unknown militants kidnapped 17 Shia Hazaras from a bus in the northern province of Sar-i-Pul. A provincial council member said the Taliban likely had abducted the passengers to exchange them for a local commander who had been detained by Afghan forces during clashes the day before. The incident came two days after the Taliban killed 13 people and took several others hostage after ambushing a bus convoy in Kunduz province

In July a suicide bombing targeted a protest attended primarily by members of the Shia-majority Hazara community, killing at least 97 and injuring more than 260.

In October gunmen entered the Karte-Sakhi mosque and opened fire on worshippers gathering to mark the Shia holiday of Ashura, killing 17 worshippers and wounding 58, including women and children. The ISKP claimed responsibility for both attacks.

The Taliban were responsible for a number of kidnappings of Shia Hazaras and continued to threaten clerics with death for preaching messages contrary to the Taliban’s interpretation of Islam.

In November a suicide bomber struck a gathering of Shia Muslims commemorating Arbaeen, a Shia observance of loss and grief, in the Baqir ul-Uloom mosque in western Kabul, killing at least 30. ISIS subsequently claimed responsibility.

A day later, a suicide bomber killed 14 civilians and wounded 17 in a bomb blast outside a Shia mosque in Balkh province

Shia leaders urged the Shia community to avoid any violent reaction that might escalate tensions between Sunnis and Shia, and asked the government to investigate the incident and take necessary steps to protect Shia.

In September 8  Hazaras traveling from Bamiyan to Kabul were reportedly kidnapped in Wardak province, just 150 meters away from a police checkpoint.

In another incident, a group of militants stopped two passenger vans in Ghor province. The militants singled out five passengers they identified as Hazaras, and took them away at gunpoint.

According to government contacts, the Hazaras were kidnapped by the Taliban, who were hoping to exchange them for one of their commanders. One student was killed when government forces attempted to secure their release, while the rest were later freed when tribal elders intervened to mediate.

In Ghazni, a student was killed during a clash between the Taliban and government security forces following a Taliban attempt to abduct 6  Hazara students.

In October the Taliban abducted 25 Hazaras traveling on the Kabul-Bamiyan Highway.

Indonesia

Reportedly “Intolerant groups,” disrupted religious gatherings, illegally closed houses of worship, and widely disseminated materials promoting intolerance.

Shia Muslims and Christians reported threats of violence and intimidation for gathering in public or attempting to return to their hometowns to celebrate holidays.

Other local regulations forbid or limit the religious activities of minority religious groups, especially Shia and Ahmadi Muslims.

Local governments selectively enforced blasphemy laws, permitting regulations, and other local regulations in ways that affected various religious groups. For example, local governments issued decrees banning Ahmadi and Shia teachings, and reportedly did not act when threats were made against these groups.

Government officials and police sometimes failed to prevent “intolerant groups” from infringing on others’ religious freedoms and committing other acts of intimidation. Police did not always actively investigate and prosecute crimes by members of “intolerant sectarian groups.”

Other religious minorities such as Ahmadi and Shia Muslims and Christians faced problems even when seeking approval to move to temporary facilities while a primary place of worship underwent renovation. Religious minority communities said administrative suspicions and inaction blocked renovation or construction of new facilities even when they fulfilled the legal prerequisites.

Ahmadis and Shia reported discrimination in the administration of public services if they chose to leave the religion column blank on their KTPs

NGOs warned of rising anti-Shia sentiment in East Java, the heartland of the Nahdlatul Ulema (NU). According to reports, local NU-affiliated imams continued to block reconciliation and the return of Shia internally displaced people (IDPs) to their homes in a case that has continued for several years. Several days before Eid al-Fitr, certain local Sunnis in East Java prevented hundreds of Shia IDPs from returning to their homes on Madura for the holiday. They threatened to kill Shia who tried to return and harm people who assisted them.

More than 300 Shia reportedly remained displaced and unable to return to Madura. Anti-Shia rhetoric was also common in some online media outlets and on social media.

On April 1, hundreds of people calling themselves the Aswaja (Adherents to the Sunnah and the Community), a loose coalition of a number of NU and Persatuan (an Islamic educational organization) schools, broke up a gathering of 100 Shia women in Pasuruan district south of Surabaya. The women were celebrating the birthday of the Prophet’s daughter, Fatima, an important event in Shia tradition. Police, military, and district public order forces who were present to safeguard the event responded to Aswaja’s demands, and after two hours the Shia dispersed.

In North Maluku, on August 24, seven members of the Shia Jafariyah congregation led by Nawawi Husni were subject to intimidation by local residents after holding a religious event in Marikurubu Subdistrict. Local police were deployed to ensure the safety of the Shia members. The police later evacuated the congregation to the police headquarters after local residents tried to damage their houses. The Shia eventually returned safely to their homes.

Kuwait

In the wake of the June 2015 bombing of the Imam Al-Sadeq Mosque, the government continued to order the Shia community to commemorate Ashura and other holidays indoors; it retained other steps it defined as security measures that affected all non-Sunni religious groups.

The government questioned several imams, and in some cases banned some of them, for making what it considered provocative statements harmful to national unity.

In January the government prevented several foreign imams from entering the country because it accused them of “terrorism and sectarianism.” The government permanently prohibited four imams from speaking in mosques because of comments they had made, which the government disapproved.

The government kept in place the ban on outdoor religious observances, for what it stated was security concerns, instituted following the bombing of the Imam al Sadeq Mosque in June 2015, which killed 26 persons.

All Ashura activities for the Shia community were required to be conducted inside closed structures rather than at outside locations. The government did not permit public reenactments of the martyrdom of Hussein or public marches in commemoration of Ashura.

Some Shia leaders said discrimination continued to prevent Shia from obtaining training for clerical positions as well as leadership positions in public sector organizations, including the police force and the military/security apparatus.

The government continued to prevent the establishment of Shia religious training institutions. Shia who wanted religious training had to seek training and education abroad. The College of Islamic Law at Kuwait University, the country’s only institution to train imams, provided some Shia jurisprudence courses but did not permit Shia professors on its faculty.

According to Shia leaders, the lack of Shia imams continued to limit their ability to staff Shia courts thus causing a backlog of personal status and family cases. To address the backlog and shortage of staff, an ad hoc council created by the government under the regular marital issues court to apply Shia jurisprudence continued to function. The establishment of a Shia Court of Cassation, approved in 2003, remained delayed, according to Shia leaders, because appropriate training for Shia to staff it was unavailable.

Iran

Shia religious leaders who did not support government policies reportedly continued to face intimidation and arrest.

The government continued to monitor the statements and views of senior Shia religious leaders. Shia religious leaders who did not support government policies or supreme leader Ali Khamenei’s views reportedly continued to face intimidation, arrest, and imprisonment on charges related to religious offenses.

Critics stated clerical courts were used to control non-Shia Muslim clerics, as well as to prosecute Shia clerics who expressed controversial ideas and participated in activities outside the sphere of religion, such as journalism or reformist political activities.

On August 16, Vice President for Legal Affairs Majid Ansari declared cases of individuals and entities who insulted the president would be tried in the Special Clerical Courts.

According to Amnesty International, Shia cleric Ayatollah Hossein Kazemeini Boroujerdi, serving an 11-year sentence after conviction on charges including “moharebeh” and “abusing his clerical flock,” was transferred to a medical clinic on January 19 to treat recurring stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness, but was returned by prison officials to his cell the same day without undergoing full treatment.

Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Nekounam, who was originally arrested in 2015, remained in prison in Qom despite appeals for his release on medical grounds to the Special Clerical Court after he suffered a stroke during the year while in solitary confinement, according to Human Rights Activist News Agency (HRANA). Reportedly, the authorities brought him before the Special Clerical Court in June for further investigation.

 

Iraq

The United Nations Assistance Mission to Iraq (UNAMI) reported ISIS IEDs caused at least 5,403 casualties (1,167 killed and 4,236 wounded), amounting to half of all verified casualties in the first half of the year.

After forcibly transferring large numbers of civilians from subdistricts of Mosul to Tal Afar, ISIS killed 172 civilians held in al-Jazeera secondary school in the Hay al-Khadraa neighborhood of Tal Afar, according to UNAMI. Reportedly, among those killed were 43 Yezidi and Shia girls and women who had been enslaved by the group since June 2014.

Coordinated ISIS bomb attacks continued to target Shia neighborhoods, markets, mosques, and funeral processions, as well as Shia shrines.

On July 3, a coordinated bomb attack in Baghdad resulted in the deaths of more than 300 and injuries to hundreds more. A few minutes after midnight, a suicide bomber in a truck targeted the mainly Shia district of Karrada, busy with late-night shoppers for Ramadan.

A second roadside bomb was detonated in the suburb of Sha’ab, killing at least five.

On April 4, there were multiple coordinated suicide bombings, including two in the Shia-majority southern provinces of Basrah and Dui War. Five people died in Basrah and in Dui War, and 14 people were killed and 27 wounded at a restaurant popular with Shia PMF fighters. ISIS claimed responsibility for the attacks.

ISIS fired chemical weapons into the Salah al-Din villages of Tara and Basheer on March 16 and May 2, respectively. The attacks injured more than 400 victims, who were primarily Turkmen Shia civilians. ISIS fighters continued their practice of claiming responsibility for these attacks via social media postings.

According to the mayor of Sinjar, as of September 27, mass graves containing the remains of ISIS victims were under investigation.

NGOs reported ISIS continued to kidnap religious minorities for ransom. According to officials from a Turkmen Women’s Association, ISIS militants had kidnapped and held 500 Turkmen women and children from Tal Afar and Mosul since June 2014. A Shabak member of the Ninewa Provincial Council said ISIS held over 250 Shabak people (most of whom are thought to be Shia) captive, and had executed three Shabaks in October.

Malaysia

The government continued actions against Shia Muslims engaged in religious practice.

In October the Selangor State Islamic Department (JAIS) detained 50 Pakistani nationals believed to be Shia Muslims at an event to mark the day of Ashura.

In November the Melaka State Islamic Department arrested 15 suspected members of what authorities said was a “deviant” Shia group. Those arrested were free on bail pending trial as of the end of the year. Under state sharia law, each faced up to three years in jail or a 5,000 ringgit (RM) ($1,115) fine for “insulting Islam.”

The government prohibited publications, public events, and public debates that it stated might incite religious disharmony. Officials at the federal and state levels oversaw Islamic religious activities, distributed sermon texts for mosques to follow, used mosques to convey political messages, and limited public expression of religion. In January JAKIM released pamphlets, flyers, and other promotional materials that said Shia Muslims were potential “radical” threats.

The federal and state governments continued to forbid religious assembly and worship for groups considered to be deviant Islamic groups such as Shia, Ahmadiyya, and Al-Arqam.

In August a court in Kuala Lumpur upheld the government’s ban of four books by novelist Faisal Tehrani for allegedly spreading Shia teachings.

Nigeria

On November 14, Nigerian security forces clashed with members of the IMN who were marching from Kano city to Zaria, resulting in an indeterminate number of deaths and injuries. According to the police, nine people died, including members of the police, while the IMN said 100 of its members were killed and 87 detained. Other reports estimated several dozen dead and well over 100 injured as a result of the violence. Members of the Shia group were embarking on their annual symbolic pilgrimage to Zaria, Kaduna State, to mark the end of the 40-day period of remembrance of the death of Imam Hussein.

Katsina, Kebbi, Kano, and Jigawa States banned religious processions just prior to the annual Ashura processions, performed by Shia Muslims worldwide in remembrance of the death of Imam Hussein.

On October 12, mobs and security forces in a number of northern states attacked Shia participating in the processions, killing at least 15 people. Authorities subsequently arrested hundreds of Shia and charged them with disturbing the peace. The Islamic Human Rights Commission said it echoed the IMN’s statement that the arrests and charges were “an embarrassment to the nation” and called on authorities to release those detained, among whom were women and children, describing them as “prisoners of conscience.”

Azerbaijan

According to the international NGO Forum 18, Inqilab Ehadli, a Shia Muslim, was arrested in January and transferred to the secret police Investigation Prison for allegedly supporting the Muslim Unity Movement. A human rights activist reportedly told Forum 18 Ehadli had been in poor health when arrested and as of April was in critical condition in a prison hospital. No further information on his case was available.

In May authorities and the police demolished a Shia seminary in Nardaran reportedly in order to widen a street that residents said could not be widened. Community members filed a complaint with the judicial authorities. No further information was available about this case as of the end of the year.

In February President Ilham Aliyev participated in the opening ceremony of the Shia Imamzade religious center in Ganja after its extensive renovation.

 

Egypt

Some government entities continued to use anti-Shia rhetoric in the country.

In January Al Azhar canceled a competition entitled “The Spread of Shia Islam in the Sunni Community: Reasons, Dangers, and How to Confront It.” According to press reports, the cancellation was due to the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar’s desire to promote unity and fraternity among Muslims.

On November 5, the press reported that residents in Ezbet Talata village in Damietta Governorate filed a complaint about a teacher who had converted from Sunni to Shia Islam and whom they alleged was preaching the Shia faith to her students. Residents had learned about her conversion after she called in to a Shia satellite channel. The Ministry of Education subsequently transferred the teacher to another school in a different village. When her landlord in the new village learned that she was a Shia he evicted her, according to the mayor of Ezbet Talata. The teacher returned to Ezbet Talata but residents there ostracized her, the mayor told the press in a video interview.

Representatives of some Salafist groups, including the Coalition of Muslims in Defense of the Companions and the Prophet’s Family, published negative remarks about Shia Muslims.

On February 1, the group threatened to sue the minister of culture for “spreading Shia ideology” when the minister rejected their calls to confiscate Shia books exhibited at the Cairo International Book Fair.

Syria

Nonstate actors, including a number of groups designated as terrorist organizations by the United States and other governments, such as ISIS and Jabhat al-Nusra (JAN, also known as al-Nusra Front), targeted Shia, Alawites, Christians, and other religious minorities.

ISIS destroyed churches, Shia shrines, and other religious heritage sites.

JAN and other rebel groups continued to subject the surrounded Shia villages of Fu’a and Kafraya to periodic violence.

Antigovernment protests, particularly those that occurred under the auspices of extremist groups, and publicity materials from antigovernment groups continued to include anti-Alawite and anti-Shia messages as well. For example, JAN sponsored several protests in Idlib in which some protestors carried signs against Shia Islam, and the group erected billboards in the province declaring that “the Shia are the enemies of Islam.”

Bangladesh

ISIS claimed responsibility for the killing of a Shia preacher, Hadith Abdur Razzak, who was stabbed to death in Jhenaidah on March 14.




سازمان جهانی دیدبان حقوق شیعیان: رئیس جمهور آمریکا مانع اعدام شهروندانِ عربستان سعودی شود

در پی اعدام های اخیر که در عربستان سعودی به وقوع پیوست، سازمان جهانی دیدبان حقوق شیعیان بیانیه ای در این خصوص صادر کرد.

در این بیانیه آمده است: سازمان جهانی دیدبان حقوق شیعیان از رئیس جمهور آمریکا می خواهد که هرچه زودتر، بدون فوت وقت و با اقدام جدی مانع اعدام شماری از فعالان و معترضان شیعیِ عربستان در روزهای آینده شود.

این سازمان تأکید دارد که احکام اعدام صادر شده در عربستان نقض آشکار تمام قوانین ویژه ی حقوق بشر است.

این سازمان نامه نگاری خود با رئیس جمهور آمریکا را به این دلیل اعلان کرده است که شرایط فوق العاده ای در انتظار معترضان شیعی است، به ویژه این که رژیم عربستان سعودی اِعمال خشونت و سرکوب بر ضد اقلیت شهروندان شیعی را تشدید می کند. همچنین تنی چند از ناظران به این مطلب اشاره کرده اند که رژیم سعودی بر آن است تا در روزهای آینده افرادی را به جوخه ی اعدام بسپارد.

یادآوری می شود که محاکمِ قضایی این رژیم، حکم اعدام چهارده نفر از فعالان و معترضانِ شیعی را تأیید کرده و این در حالی است که دادگاه بدوی صادر کننده ی احکام یادشده هیچ یک از معیارهای قانونی و شفافیت و نزاهت و بی طرفی را رعایت نکرده است و فراتر اینکه اقدام این محاکم، ظالمانه و با هدف بستن دهان معترضان به سیاست های رژیم حاکم در عربستان و ترساندن آنان بوده است.

در ادامه بیانیه آمده است: اقلیت مسلمان شیعی در شماری از مناطق عربستان سعودی، به ویژه شیعیان ساکن در قطیف و احساء ـ دو منطقه ی شرقی عربستان سعودی ـ از سیاست های به حاشیه رانده شدن، تبعید و دشمنی رژیم حاکم، به سختی در رنج هستند.




Incidents of Anti-Shiism in July, 2017

Monthly Analysis: July 2017

The 20 attacks that occurred in July left the Shia population in a position susceptible to human rights violations. Despite the overall decrease in casualties in July from June of 2017, 262 individuals were killed and 53 were wounded. These large numbers bare witness to the continued systematic targeting of the Shia Muslim population around the world. The violations of human rights range from arrest and detainment, to sexual abuse and torture in prisons, and as seen this month, mass execution.

Shia Rights Watch (SRW) has compiled a list of the reported attacks that occurred in July, confirmed through extensive research and collaboration with Shia rights activists around the world. This report will detail the reported instances both physical and psychological, including deaths, injuries, sentencing, and tortures.

The cases detailed have occurred across several countries including: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Further attacks and human rights violations may have occurred in other places, however, this list consists of the cases recorded by SRW researchers. Incidents often go unreported due high risks and fear of attack and/or further social discrimination.

Iraq

Fewer numbers of attacks and casualties have been reported in the month of July in Iraq. However, the casualties are much larger due to isolated massacres conducted by ISIS in small pockets of power such as Tal Afar and Hawija. Tal Afar witnessed a systematic massacre of 200 civilians on July 5th. Such an attack can be explained as a way to reassert ISIS’s dominance after their increasing losses in Mosul.

ISIS first declared Mosul its Islamic Caliphate in 2014, and Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared victory in the city on July 9 after the strenuous three-year battle for control on. The Iraqi army forced the group to retreat from the city, and has pushed ISIS into cities like Tal Afar. The Islamic State is now consolidating power in Tal Afar and it remains the closest ISIS-controlled urban area the so-called caliphate that can be used to launch terror operations back into Mosul.

To the southeast, the capital city of Baghdad witnessed seven attacks in July. Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and adhesive explosive devices (AEDs) remain a reality in the city. This is a sharp decline from the twelve attacks in June which specifically targeted busy Shia areas. The cooling down of attack efforts may be attributed to the end of Ramadan, which ISIS claims to be the “holy month of Jihad.”

The end of Ramadan, paired with the drastic decline in Islamic State power, may be the cause of the decreased number of attacks against the Shia population in July. However, the massacre at Tal Afar provides a grim portrayal of how ISIS might continue to operate as it loses control in areas throughout Iraq and maintains its control over its remaining footholds.

Bahrain

The ethnic and religious backgrounds of Bahrain intertwine the political, economic, and social realms of influence. Bahrain is neighbored by the Middle East’s most prominent Muslim nations: the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the west, the Islamic Republic of Iran to the north and east, and the State of Qatar to the southeast. The influence from these powerful neighbors, along with the unique history of the region, explicate the ethnic and religious composition of the country. While the exact religious demographics are still unknown and a highly contentious issue, it is estimated that of the Muslim population, roughly 70% are Shia and 30% Sunni. Despite this uneven divide, the government is ruled by a Sunni royal family, and a human rights dilemma has emerged out of this power dynamic. The cases reported in July displayed the continuation of human rights violations against Bahraini Shia Muslims and the relentless government pushback against rising humanitarian concerns.  

Prominent human rights activist Nabeel Rajab received a two-year sentence on July 10th after being accused of spreading ‘fake news’ about Bahraini authorities. This sentencing caused outrage by several human rights organizations, including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, and came shortly after the release of Torture in Bahrain: A State Behavior & A Systematic Policy, a report condemning the torture of prisoners by five human rights organizations within Bahrain.

Yousef Ali Riza reported sexual harassment by guards in his prison cell on July 3rd, the same day that Ebtisam al-Saegh was detained the second time for government criticism on social media. Al-Saegh was previously held in May where she reported torture and sexual assault. She started an open-ended hunger strike on July 11th, but by the 25th she was reported to have lost eleven kilos. Further diagnosis of her health showed a fracture in her right arm sustained from previous torture.

Continued reports of human rights infractions demonstrate the need for reform in Bahrain’s treatment of prisoners and expose the need for global attention on this issue. The Bahraini authorities arrested Shia cleric Sheikh Hani al-Banaa’ while he was visiting his detained son in Dry Dock Prison on July 3rd. Al-Banaa’ was released after being held in the prison for nine days. Another prisoner, Hussein Mohamed Habib died on July 5th after being arrested and subjected to severe torture and abuse in prison in March 2011.

Unfortunately, mistreatment of Bahraini citizens extends from what has occurred in prisons. On July 20th in the northwestern coastal town of al-Budaiya, state troopers stormed the house of Sheikh Bashar al-Aali and arrested the cleric without providing any reasons. Another situation occurred in July 28th, where Bahraini authorities charged 60 Shia for forming a group against the king. These individuals were accused of “forming a terrorist group,” and show the continued suppression of government opposition.

In addition to the reprehensible treatment of prisoners, many Bahrainis have lost their citizenship. By July 8th, 103 people had citizenship revoked or denied during 2017. On July 22, the wife of Sheikh Abdullah Al-Deqaq lost her citizenship after refusing to spy on her husband. The denial and revoking of citizenship has seemingly become the way in which the Bahraini government suppresses their critics. Loss of citizenship in combination with the growing detention of human rights advocates and their ill-treatment while in prison reinforces the regime’s systematic crackdown on minority populations and Shia Muslims in the country.

Pakistan

Although less casualties have been reported in Pakistan since the end of Ramadan, the Shia minority feel no more secure. More than 2,000 Shia have been killed in Pakistan since 2002, and the incidents in July show this number continuing to rise. Groups like Lashkar-e-Jhagvi, an extremist Sunni militant group, have pledged: “all Shias are worthy of killing and the intention is to make Pakistan their graveyard,” according to an open letter they wrote to the Hazara people in Baluchistan.

           Recently, two Shia brothers were arrested without declared charges, rendering the arrests illegal. There has yet to be a statement, but the two brothers are under “enforced disappearance,” according to local activist.

Also, just 25 miles south of Quetta, in Baluchistan, a group of Hazara Shia were on their way to the port city of Karachi on July 19. A drive-by shooter pulled up and riddled their vehicle with bullets. Three men and one woman were killed.

The fear generated by attacks similar to this one have caused some Shia to avoid traveling alone. Even the government fears that people of the Islamic sect travel at their own peril. This July, around 1,000 Shia on their way back from pilgrimage from holy sites in Iran and Iraq found themselves unable to continue at the border between Iran and Pakistan in the border town of Taftan. The pilgrims found themselves with the option of having to continue through hostile territory that is extremely dangerous for Shia without protection. They refused, and the Pakistani government is currently rallying forces to send as escorts, but the effort is taking long. Conditions are breaking down, but the pilgrims would rather put up with the harsh environment than risk traveling through Pakistan unguarded.

Pakistan is growing increasingly dangerous to the livelihood of Shia Muslims. ISIS’s growing influence in Afghanistan is emboldening Pakistani Deobandi groups to act in likeness with ISIS’s cruelty. Their intention to annihilate the Shia population is daunting considering the Shia make up one third of Pakistan, but that’s not discouraging some from picking them off little-by-little. The Pakistani government needs to further engage this issue by implementing special protection in Shia-dominated towns like Quetta in Baluchistan. If neglected, the issue can easily find its footing on a slippery slope to sectarian violence.

Saudi Arabia

Al Awamiyah, in the Qatif region of eastern Saudi Arabia, remains a contentious town as Saudi forces maintain their siege. The town itself dates back to the Ottoman Empire 200 years ago, and the town’s historic center is being demolished. The constant raids have injured large numbers of civilians, and Saudi forces have responded to protests with a tight crackdown against its opposition.

The Kingdom carried out four executions of Shia Muslims for their participation in protests in Al Awamiyah.  This area has been under extreme lock-down since July 26th. 

The Shia population has been promised safe conduct of leave. Before, however, soldiers milled the streets firing at anyone walking by. Vehicles packed with luggage exited the city hanging white T-shirts as white flags with hopes that soldiers won’t fire upon said vehicle. A group of Asian migrants were forced to strip and lie on their stomachs in the middle of the street. Al-Musawarah, a neighborhood with structures dating back to the Ottoman Empire, is falling victim to Saudi bulldozers. 
Saudi raids continue in the region, as just days later, two men were shot and wounded on 11 July. On July 13th, a court in Saudi Arabia has postponed the trial of Shia cleric Sheikh Hussein al-Radhi over his pro-democracy comments as Riyadh presses ahead with its heavy-handed crackdown on members of the Shia community. In another raid on July 15th, Hassan Abdullah, Ja’far Mubayrik and ‘Saadiq Darvish were killed by Saudi forces.

Saudi troops, equipped with heavy weapons, attacked Al- Awamiyah town, damaging and destroying several homes, business and historical sites. Residence were asked to stay home while the government shut down their internet and phone lines. Two Shia reported killed during the attack on July 26th. Just four days later, three men were killed in a raid in a parking lot. On July 29th, Saudi snipers shot and killed Ali Mahdi al-Sobeiti and Hussain Abdullah al-Sobeiti on the road to an Awamiyah.

The Saudi Arabian Supreme Court upholds the death sentences of 14 Saudi Shia after an unfair mass trial and it is a worrisome reminder of the country’s lethal crackdown on dissent. Fourteen Shia waiting to be executed are following:

  1. Hussain Muhammd al-Muslim
  2. Muhammad Mansur al- Mansure
  3. Mustafa Ahmad Darwish
  4. Fazil Hussain Labbad
  5. Saeed Mihammad al-Sakafi
  6. Salman Amin al-Quraish
  7. Mujtaba’a al-Sweikat
  8. Muneer Abdulah al-Adam
  9. Abdulah Salman al-Sarih
  10. AbdulAziz Hassan al-sahwi
  11. Ahmad al-Rabia
  12. Ahmad Feisal al-Darwish
  13. Hussain Hassan al-Rabia
  14. Abdula Hani al-Tarif

The lack of proof of serious allegation is a serious development, as SRW, Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International point out a sharp rise of death sentences for Shia Muslims carried out by the Kingdom.

Syria

The town of Hama was home to death of two Shia women and the injury of 11 others as a suicide bomber detonated his vest. Sources report the diffusion of two other bombs at the site. The bomb caused extensive damage to the Imam Muslim Mosque and a bus station nearby.

In 2017 alone, there have been over 240 deaths as a result of anti-Shiism. The attacks were propagated by anti-Shia extremists taking advantage of the social and political distress in the nation.

Nigeria

On Friday, 7 July, the Federal High Court in Nigeria rejected the suit of Shia cleric

Ibrahim Zakzaky. Zakzaky brought forth a suit through which he meant to sue the Nigerian government for $5.6 million in damages over a December 2015 attack in which the Nigerian government killed 347 Shia Muslims including Zakzaky’s three children in the city of Zaria in the northern state of Kaduna. The dead were then buried in a mass grave.

The Shia population is a small minority of the Muslim population. The demographics of all Nigeria include 50% Christians and 50% Muslims.

Afghanistan

A car filled with explosives rammed into a bus and detonated killing 24 people and wounding 40. The attack occurred near a prominent Shia cleric’s house, so it is unclear whether the bus was the actual target. June saw two other attacks targeting the Shia population.

The Hazara ethnic group make up a large portion of Afghanistan’s Shia population. For decades, the Hazara have been under attack by extremist organization and have lived a marginalized life. Increased attention is needed on the case of Hazara’s when addressing anti-Shiism in Afghanistan.

Kuwait

Late July, Kuwaiti officials suspended license for a locally operated Shia TV station, ceasing their operations. While Kuwait historically has displayed acceptance and inclusion for their Shia population, a recent increase in targeting of Shia media and scholars can be seen.

Shia Rights Watch in concerned of increasing actions limiting the freedom of speech in Kuwait.

Conclusion

The month of July stood witness to just over 260 deaths and with 53 injuries as a result of anti-Shiism. SRW estimates the death rate to increase as many of those injured were in critical condition and treated in areas with limited medical resources.

Shia Muslims continue to live in fear as they are ostracized in their home nations, and arrests of Shia activists and scholars continue in the Gulf states and the surrounding nations. The increased incidents of anti-Shiism are consistent with those estimated in previous reports. With arrests and ill-treatment of prominent activists such as Ibtissam al-Saegh and Nabeel Rajab, anti-shiism remains as strong as ever.  

In Saudi Arabia, the siege in al-Awamiya continues. Despite international efforts, the death count continues to rise. Many of those killed by government shootings are women, children, and immigrant workers. Activists and humanitarians are standing up to the injustice, but are facing the backlash from governments and other major actors. Shia Rights Watch calls for governments across the region to increase protections on Shia and other religious minorities, and to reverse and stop all ill-treatment of these populations. SRW urges the Saudi government to reverse their sentences condemning fourteen protesters of the al-Awamiya raids to death. Shia Rights Watch demands the release of all pro-democracy activists and religious scholars in the Gulf nations. Further, Shia Rights Watch condemns the siege on Awamiya and warns of the dangers of continued marginalization in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and across the region.




Bi-Annual Anti-Shiism Report

Intro

The first half of 2017 has been a turbulent time for Shia Muslims all over the world. Anti-Shiism, or the active targeting of Shia Muslim to limit their visibility and expression, was prevalent in across the globe.

Shia Muslims, including their sub groups, make up approximately 50% of the total Muslim population. Although exact data of Shia demographic remain impossible to collect due to extreme marginalization, a study of current cases of anti-Shiism have been documented by Shia Rights Watch researchers and activist.

This report is a compilation and analysis of trends in anti-Shiism in the six months of January to June 2017.  In this report, cases of anti-Shiism in the nations of Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, and Madagascar are examined. Violations include arrests, vandalism, deaths by unnatural means, and injuries.  It is important to note that Shia rights abuses listed in this report are a summary of incidents that have reached SRW. Violations are not limited to those in this report. More information can be found on ShiaRightsWatch.org.

 

Gulf Nations

Anti-Shiism in Gulf nations has skyrocketed after the Arab Spring of 2011. In fears of an up rise, Gulf countries, specifically Bahrain and Saudi Arabia have increased limitations on their critics.   Pro-rights protests in these nations are thwarted with the utmost violence.

Bahrain

Shia Rights Watch_AntiShiism

The Kingdom of Bahrain has been home to systemic suppression of human rights. Bahrain is a Shia majority nation headed by a non-Shia monarchy. Unlike democratic efforts of other Arab countries in the Middle East, efforts for rights and recognition have remained unnoticed for Bahraini citizens.

The six month period between January and June 30, 2017, a total of 982 people has been arrested. Arrests were with aims to suppress protests. Some were arrested in peaceful protest and others by night time raids. Bahrain has shown little mercy in suppression as 84 of those arrested are minors, and 28 are women.

Approximately 30% of the total arrests, 286, were in a single day in Diraz, Bahrain. On May 23, an armed attack on protesters killed five and wounded dozens. Protestors had arranged a sit in around the home of Sheikh Isa Qassim, who was sentenced to one year in prison and revoked of citizenship earlier that month. After Qassims arrest, the town of Diraz was blockaded, and residents were subject to checkpoints and travel restrictions. Phone and internet lines were cut off for significant hours in the day to limit media contact.

-Protest Met with Violence-

Although protests and demonstrations have been peaceful and demonstrators are unarmed, Bahraini forces meet them with the utmost violence. Bird shot pellets used by forces have led to the death and permanent injury of many protestors and bystanders. Travel restrictions and discrimination have left those injured without medical care as ambulances cannot enter the town and hospitals are ordered not to treat injured protestors. Those arrested report harsh torture and violence in detainment. Ebtissam al-Saegh, a prominent activist has testified sexual assault and coercion of false confessions. Human rights activists striving for democracy in Bahrain report verbal and physical assault as well as threats to thier dignity and even family.

The government’s unwillingness to engage in dialogue has created a rift between it and its citizens. Sources say, Bahraini citizens, do not trust the government. This mistrust, one can relate to the lack of sufficient representation in legislation and years in the suppression of rights by officials. Furthermore, sources report that the extent of Saudi involvement in Bahrain undermines the Bahraini government. Many feel as though dialogue with Bahraini officials are insignificant as officials are under the influence of Saudi policy.

-Future of Bahrain-

With many children and women under arrest, the future of Bahrain is widely destabilized. Children arrested are not able to attend school and in many cases, are not given the opportunity to make up missed work. The current lack of national stability because of direct violence creates an opportunity for foreign involvement in Bahrain. Mistrust and lack of cooperation among protestors and the government have also led to a shift in national identity. SRW predicts a decreased rate in Bahrain’s educated population. Further, due to the increased detainment of women and the high rate of mortality for Shia men, SRW predicts a rise in single parent families and even orphan children. These predictions are further supported by the approximate 780 sentenced Bahraini citizens and the revocation of 92 others. To this point, over 60 people have been given life sentences. The numbers are expected to rise as Bahrain has issued death sentences for many activist despite a de facto moratorium on the death penalty.

Saudi Arabia

Although Shia in Saudi Arabia have practiced their faith in hiding and have lived under marginalization for decades, the last six months note augmentation of violence against this population.

Shia in Saudi Arabia have lived under pressure to conform to the nation’s extremist ideology and forgo their own identity. Since the origin of the kingdom, Shia Muslims have been marginalized; their towns provided the least government funds- lacking in infrastructure and maintenance. Despite their living quarters being home to one of Saudi’s largest oil drills, Shia Muslims are left in the worst of the nation’s conditions of life. Drilling has caused air, and noise pollution and the citizens of the Eastern province are allowed minimal say in policy. While they at least make up over 20% of the population, Shia Muslims lack adequate representation in the government.

-Sources of Anti-Shiism-

Anti-Shiism in Saudi Arabia is fueled by social and religious indoctrination. In numerous cases, Saudi clerics have announced Shia Muslims as outsiders and have deemed them unequal to the nation’s majority Wahhabi population. These beliefs are furthered through educational books and lessons. Information on sources of anti-Shiism can be found on ShiaRightsWatch.org

Shia Rights Watch_AntiShiism

-Continued Violence-

In the first six months of 2017, the nature of anti-Shiism in this nation shifted. What was once a structural and cultural discrimination becoming direct violence. In mid-May, a siege in the town of Al-Awamiyah became a public attack on this religious sect.  The siege began around 3 am. All entrances to the city were closed, and forces shot at buildings and automobiles. Residents were forced from their homes and business were closed.

The government’s claim of aiming to “renew the district” is undermined by social media hashtags and trends used by Saudi forces calling for a “cleansing” of the kingdom from Shia.

The government is threatening the identity of Shia Muslims by demolishing historical sites in Al-Awamiyah. With the demolishment of the al-Baqee cemetery in 1925, Shia in Saudi Arabia lives in fear of not having a presence in their home nation. Further, the decision to “renew” was taken without any representation from the residence, thus adding to their unwillingness to trust the government’s claims.

In attempted to maintain order, forces shot indiscriminately at civilians. The death toll in Saudi Arabia has reached 20. Javad al- Dagher of two years and his family were among those killed. Over 40 people have been wounded in the strife; 15 others have been arrested and face the harsh and unforgiving climate of Saudi prisons. Until now, 14 people have been sentenced to death.

-Regional Instability-

Anti-Shiism in Saudi Arabia has not only incited conflict in the nation; it has led to regional instability. Some state the source of anti-Shiism in Saudi Arabia is fear of Iranian expansion in the region. However, Shia in Saudi Arabia, as well as other nations in the region, have renounced such association.  By pressuring their citizens and falsely associating them with a foreign power, Saudi Arabia is increasing insecurity in the Middle East.

Pakistan

Shia Rights Watch_AntiShiismPakistan stood witness to the death of 193 and wounding 466 others. Incidents of anti-Shiism occurred mainly in the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA), Punjab and Baluchistan.

 

Attacks were carried out by LeJ, TTO, and SeS. Regions of high incidents of anti-Shiism span Pakistan and are mainly cities with a semi-open border with Afghanistan. All attacks occurred in public locations. Both attacks in Parachinar, Kurram Region, occurred in densely populated regions of town.

 

The targeting of a single population by a number of the nation’s biggest terror organizations points to an existing collective culture of anti-Shiism in which different groups compete to be the most successful.  The willingness of these groups to put aside rivalry and work together in orchestrating attacks show the extent of cultural violence against Shia Muslims.

The lack of justice in cases against minority groups in Pakistan are due to existing discrimination within police forces. Many activists have reported a slow cases processing and lack of follow-up on incidents of anti-Shiism.

-Undiscovered Powers-

After the June 24 attacks in Parachinar, governor Iqbal Zafar, on behalf of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, distributed Rs 500,000 (appx $5000) to those injured and Rs 1,000,000 (appx $9000) to families of lost loved ones. Compensations came after cross-country protest. Shia Rights Watch estimates, at a minimum, $780,000 was given out by Iqbal Zafar. The Pakistani government aims to compensate death of human life with money, not understanding that conflict cannot be resolved by monetary means. The money handed out to victims of the Parachinar attacks was a means of suppressing protests. The government’s actions display a lack of understanding of the Shia population as Shia in Pakistan are educated and in the position of power as lawyers, doctors and policy makers- money is not a limited resource for many.

Shia Muslims in Pakistan inhabit geopolitically significant areas. Baluchistan, for instance, is rich in natural resource reservoirs and is a key strategic region for Pakistan-Afghanistan diplomacy. Punjab is one of the most economically prosperous regions of Pakistan. Instability in any of those regions creates instability in the area, and thus with the pressures of neighboring countries, the government of Pakistan does the most to reinstate order.

Shia Rights Watch_AntiShiism

However, counter terrorism effort is misplaced. On June 11, Taimoor Raza was sentenced to death over Facebook content in Okara, Punjab by a “Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act of 2016” which aims to restrict cybercrime offenses. Pakistan’s officials fail to provide effectual security and prevention of hate-crime against Shia communities. Officials are willing to provide monetary compensation to limit social unrest. Shia Rights Watch suggests increased efforts of crime prevention and increased education. Thus, far, post-conflict compensation has been far more expensive that any peace-building effort, and until steps are taken to limit the growth of extremism, in stability in Pakistan will continue.

Syria

Shia in Syria populate the cities of Deir al-Zour, Haoula, Khan al-Asad, Idlib, Nubul, al-Zahra, Hama, al-Foua, Keferya, Homs, and Zarzur. To this point, the conflict in Syria has led to the death of over 400,000 people, a significant portion of which are Shia Muslims in addition to political conflict, Shia in Syria suffers from targeted killing by active terror groups such that of ISIS.

Shia Rights Watch_AntiShiismDiscreet numbers of anti-Shia incidents are limited due to the turbulent status of the nation. However, despite limitations, SRW estimates continued targeting of Shia Muslims as per ground sources as well as the statistical prevalence of attacks on Shia towns and cities.

The largest reported incident of anti-Shiism was in the village of al-Foua, and Kefarya in which a suicide bomber targeted a bus carrying children evacuated from the town- 150, 72 of which were children, were found dead because of the explosion.

Sources in Syria report an attack on the city of Hama as the next largest reported attack in Syria. Of the 50 killed, 24 were women and children. Medical personnel in nearby hospital report death by blunt force trauma by rocks and stones. Despite immense efforts, retrieval of bodies was not possible as many of the bodies were dismembered beyond recognition. The extent of damage to the deceased points to an ideology that views Shia as non-human.

Among incidents of anti-Shiism are double bombs killing 40 Iraqi pilgrims visiting the Zainabiya Shrine and wounding 120 others.

ISIS and their affiliates are fueled by anti-Shia sentiment taught by the Wahabi school of thought. The coordinated attacks which target pilgrims and evacuees point to an anti-Shia agenda consistent with the Wahhabi ideology.

Iraq

Iraq remains one of the most turbulent locations for Shia Muslims. ISIS infiltration and lack of government security create an opportunity for anti-Shiism. In the first six months of 2017, 260 people have lost their lives, and approximately 250 people have been injured as a result of anti-Shia sentiment.

Consistent with a five-year trend, Shia neighborhoods of Baghdad remain one of the most targeted areas. As early as January, suicide bombings claimed the life of 20 and injured more than 60 people in a marketplace in the district of Jamila. A week later, a car bombing killed 48 and left tens of others injured.

Karbala was also home to Shia Muslims killed in the past six months. In the Musayyib district, east of Karbala, a woman detonated her vest killing 34. On the same day, a bomb at the entrance of the city killed 4, and a failed explosive was cleared from the holy Shrine located in Karbala.

Same day bombings are signs of existing extremist networks that remain prosperous despite anti-ISIS efforts.

Iraq is home to many important Shia shrines and historical sights. These locations ensure a constant influx of Shia Muslims to the nation. Thus, Shia Rights Watch calls for a plan of security that is unique to this nations traveler entry.

Iran

In the first half of 2017, the world stood witness to an explicit expansion of ISIS forces. Early June, ISIS forces detonated explosives in two key political locations in Iran: the parliament and the Khomeini Mausoleum. The setting of the incident was highly symbolic to the Revolution of 1979.

 

Terrorists entered the administrative building as constituents, some women, and detonated explosive vests killing 12 and wounding 40 others. ISIS later released video accounting for their time within the parliament building inducing fear of increased ISIS activity in the nation.

In addition to increased tensions in the region, this incident was a show of anti-Shiism as ISIS forces targeted one of the most Shia populated countries in the Middle East.  Attacks in Iran point to a definite shift an anti-Shiism.

 

Madagascar

Due to the islands vast resources, Madagascar has been home to increased Muslim immigration. Mid-May, Yanish Ismail, son of a prominent Shia businessman was kidnapped by 14 armed assailants as he was attending a funeral.

Ismail’s case is the second incident of anti-Shiism in the past five years. SRW fears a wave of anti-Shiism in this nation. Roots of hate crimes, SRW predicts, spreads from existing anti-Shiism in other countries.

Shia Rights Watch_AntiShiism

Afghanistan

From January to June 30, 17 lives were lost, and 23 were injured as a result of anti-Shiism.   Of total incidents, 65% of attacks occurred in the month of June. Early June, a motorbike bomb detonated outside Jama Mosque of Herat, killing 7 and wounding 16. Later that month, a terrorist targeted a Shia mosque outside of Kabul. After exchanging fire with police, he entered the mosque kitchen and detonated his explosive vest. The incident led to the death of four and left seven others injured.

The Hazara ethnic group are frequently targeted as they are identified in features and widely recognized as Shia Muslims. Structural anti-Shiism in Afghanistan has led to a lack of protection and prosecution of this ethnic community.

Mass exposure was guaranteed in both attacks as terrorists targeted Shia mosques, and that in the month of Ramadhan. Muslims regard Ramadhan as a holy month. However, anti-Shia organizations such that of ISIS and the Taliban do not consider Shia as Muslims. Previous to Ramadhan, in a speech, ISIS leaders renounced Shia, called for their cleansing and promoted the month of Ramadhan as the best month for anti-Shia action.

 

Global Trends of Anti-Shiism

A macro-scale analysis of cases of violence against Shia Muslims shows significant trends. Such patterns can be used to analyze Anti-Shiism and plan peace building endeavors.

Analysis of anti-Shia cases points to widespread cultural violence because of miseducation. For decades, the Wahhabi school of thought has promoted education dehumanizing Shia Muslims. Some historians have identified the political and economic basis of such education. More information on historical cases of anti-Shiism can be found on ShiaRightsWatch.org. Anti-Shia education can be found in the Middle East and North Africa, and such education has become a cultural feature. A culture that undermines Shia Muslims as human-beings with fundamental rights has allowed hate-crime by a violent group to prosper. In addition to ideological targeting, anti-Shiism occurs because of misrepresentation of Shia Muslims. For instance, sources report anti-Shiism in immigrant populations who see Shia Muslims as the source of insecurity in their jobs. Their lack of awareness of who the Shia are lead them to criminalize Shia and the Shia struggle for recognition.

In some cases, explosions are coordinated by time, date and location. Synchronization, analyst claim, tells tales of existing networks and communications among different terror organizations with a shared ideology. The fact that most the attacks were suicide bombers point to the extent at which attackers hold the anti-Shia ideology.

The setting of attacks is in confirmation that attacks reported in this report were not random, but targeted towards mass Shia populations. Attacks are aimed at limiting Shia visibility and expression.

 

Anticipating the Next Six Months

Prosecution of agents of Anti-Shiism is practically non-existent in the aforementioned nations. In states in which the national government leads anti-Shia efforts, justice seems far-fetched for many. In Pakistan and Iraq, anti-terrorism efforts do not meet minority efforts thus endangering Shia constituents.

Shia Rights Watch anticipates a spread of anti-Shiism to other regions of the world. In both Europe and South Asia, incidents have been seen. Although these events were isolated, they did cause infrastructure damage, physical and psychological damage to Shia Muslims in those areas. Details on incidents in South Asia and Europe can be found on ShiaRightsWatch.org.

Incidents of anti-Shiism will continue to rise in the next six months unless efforts to decrease hate crimes are taken. Incidents of anti-Shiism tend to grow in holy months, especially in Moharram, a month many recognize as the corner-stone of the Shia identity. Moharram begins in September 2017, and with it, Shia processions will be in danger of violence unless measures to protect this population takes place.

-Suggestions-
  • Dialogue between governments and constituents
    • Both activists and government officials must realize dialogue and cooperation are the only means of building understanding and coexistence in their nations. Common aims must be identified and used as the basis for building a prosperous nation.
  • Increased activism of Shia Muslims in their communities
    • As the most powerful force against anti-Shiism, Shia Muslims must empower their communities for self-expression. Shia Muslims must build a presence in their nations by being ideal citizens in their countries in the international communities.
  • Education on human rights for all minority populations
    • Minority communities must be aware of their rights as given by the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights and their nation’s constitution. Minority populations must be able to recognize discrepancies in their rights and take peaceful steps in raising awareness.
  • Raising accurate media coverage
    • The media is a major medium for raising awareness and education. Shia Rights Watch calls upon media outlets to check accuracy and provide un-biased coverage of Shia Muslims.
    • Shia Rights Watch further encourages active Shia communication with local and international news sources. Shia communities are the best first line defense against anti-Shiism, thus they must work with media outlets to raise awareness in regards to their communities and remove misconceptions.



Incidents of Anti-Shiism in May, 2017

May 2017 Monthly Analysis

There were more than 128 deaths and over 50 injuries in the month of May. This month has also witnessed the first incident of direct violence against Shia in the nation of Madagascar. Anti-Shiism remains an urgent issue that needs to be addressed by the international community.

This report will analyze a data of Shia deaths, injuries, and arrests in the month of May. Data was gathered via international news sources as well as on the ground Shia Rights Watch advocates. Authenticity and relevance of news were evaluated via corroborations from Shia Rights Watch advocates on the ground.

In the month of May, Shia rights have been violated in seven nations: Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Bahrain, and Madagascar. Incidents of vandalism and targeting of Shia have additionally occurred in Sweden, Philippines, and Syria. Violations include arrests,  vandalism, deaths by unnatural means, and injuries.  It is important to note that Shia rights violations listed in this report are a summary of incidents that have reached SRW. Violations are not limited to those in this report. More information can be found on ShiaRightsWatch.org.

Following the detainment of Shaikh Isa Qasim, sit-ins and protest continue in Diraz, Bahrain. Fear of social unrest has government forces limiting town members in resources as well as clashing with peaceful protesters. The ongoing struggle for recognition makes Bahrain a location of concern for Shia Rights Watch.

The Saudi siege on the town of Awamiya remains ongoing, making it a highlighted incident, as well. As Saudi forces maintain their siege on the Eastern province, resources such that of water, food and medical resources deplete, leaving the town in desperate need of international support.

Saudi Arabia

Early May, Saudi forces invaded the town of Awamiya beginning at 3 am. All entrances to the city were closed as forces began shooting at infrastructure. Sources report 400 houses and buildings have been demolished. With claims of renovation, the Saudi forces entered the Mosawara neighborhood with bulldozers, helicopters, and armored tanks. The Eastern province is historically home to Shia Saudi population. The area is rich in heritage centers and cultural landmarks. Despite the UN’s warning against the demolition of historical sites in Awamiya, the Saudi government has made a point to remove the culture of “resistance,” a memory of Shaikh Nimr al- Nimr, a leader in peaceful protest who was executed last year. 

The death toll in Awamiya has risen to five. Over 14 people have been arrested. Those targeted and killed by forces are mainly youth within the community. Among those killed are Javad al- Dagher, a two-year-old along with his father.

On the 25th of May, 14 activists were sentenced to the death penalty due to their participation in the protests. Arrests were followed by psychological and physiological torture. Those prosecuted were denied access to lawyers. Names of defendants can be accessed on the Shia Rights website.

The siege has left the town without water and electricity. Restrictions on travel in to and out of town further limitations. One resident reports, “No one has been able to leave their houses to go to work, school or even get food as people are afraid to move” as a result of the numerous armored tanks and forces that roam the town.   

Iraq

The death toll in Iraq rose with yet another attack in Karrada Iraq. On Memorial Day, the explosion of two bombs in busy areas of Karrada led to the death of 80. Over 50 were wounded in the incidents. The first of two bombs was detonated in an ice cream parlor in the commercial district. The second explosion was in the form of a car bomb on the al-Shahada Bridge, near the public pension’s office during rush hour.

Karrada is not a new target for terrorist organizations. In July of 2016, a car bomb in Karrada left 324 dead and was considered the largest single incident in Iraq in the past decade. The reoccurrence of attacks points to a lack of security by officials. Despite initial promises, officials have not increased security measures in Karrada. The fact that the second explosion was near a government building, one may claim, is a sign of escalation and perhaps taunting of government by ISIS.

In total, 115 people were targeted for their Shia identity. The death toll consists mainly of women and children as attacks were centered in public areas such that of markets, neighborhoods and, in the case of Karrada, ice cream parlors. The setting of these attacks points to a targeting of Shia civilians by extremist groups.   

Syria

Despite increased international attention on the case of unrest in Syria, targeting of Shia Muslims continue in this nation. The extent of anti-Shia sentiment within the Islamic state is publicized in an incident of anti-Shiism in Hama, Syria.

Fifty members of the Shia village were found dismembered in Hama- 24 of those killed were women and children. Coroner reports death by blunt force trauma to the head and dismemberment by blunt objects. Only a small number of bodies were retrieved as the state of the bodies left no room for recognition or recovery. The aggression behind the deaths point to deliberate targeting and hate towards the group.

Shia Rights Watch emphasizes the need for recognition in the state of the Shia minority in Syria.

Sweden

Imam Ali Mosque, the largest Shia mosque in Sweden was left in ruins after an arson attack. The exterior of the mosque was charred, sources report.

This incident of vandalism is not the first anti-Shia targeting in Sweden or Europe. In 2016, a mosque in Malmo, Sweden was vandalized and set on fire. While arrests were made, occurrence of hate-crime points to an increase in anti-shia sentiment in the nation.

Shia mosques are easy targets for anti-Shia propagators as they are open to the larger communities. However, the increase in targeting of Shia Muslims in the West calls for augmented recognition of the minority’s status,

South East Asia: Philippines and Pakistan

The month of May witnessed an increase in incidents of Shia targeting in the nations of Pakistan and the Philipines. Sarfaraz Hussain along with his guard were killed as they patrolled their post in Kurram Pakistan by Lashkar-e-Jhangvi militants, mid-May. Hussain’s death is yet another targeting of Shia officials in the nation of Pakistan, where a surge in the targeting of Shia members in high tiers of society has been seen in the past few years.

Philipines alone has had four deaths as a result of explosions. In the case of Nasser Abinal, a bomb was delivered to his office by a delivery man, killing his aid and injuring six others. Abinal was a government tax official in the city of Manila. In a separate incident, five Shia were killed and six others were wounded.

While city officials reject extremist involvement, the Philippines have seen an increase in militants pledging alliance with the Islamic State. Incidents of anti-Shiism in this nation point to a spread of anti-Shia sentiment in the region.

Bahrain

Anger at the sentencing of Shaikh Isa Qasim stirs unrest in the town of Diraz. Clashes between Bahraini forces and protestors has led to the death and arrest of tens of civilians.

After Sheikh Qasim’s arrest, demonstrators assembled in sit-ins around the Sheikhs house. Protestors claim allegations against Sheikh Qasim are false and just another way to target and limit the Shia of Bahrain. Since the uprising in 2011, many have been stripped of their citizenship- Sheikh Qasim was revoked of his citizenship in 2016.

In addition to direct violence, Bahrain’s government pressures dissent in many ways. Sources report that internet and phone lines were cut by government force, limiting those services to a few hours in the day. Further, pro-democracy activists living outside Bahrain report their family membered being harassed by officials. In a number of cases, family members were arrested with our due cause and forces to call activists and ask that they refrain from supporting democracy in or out of Bahrain.

Later this month, 17 were sentenced to imprisonment on grounds of involvement in dissent. Five were given life sentences, three were sentenced to a minimum of ten years in prison, while eight were revoked of citizenship. Discrimination against Shia Muslims in Bahrain extend post death as seen in attacks on commemorations held for Diraz martyrs. Sources report many bodies were not given to the deceased’s family and were buried in an unknown location

Fears of escalation exist within the region after increased arms availability to Saudi Arabia and its Gulf associates. The Bahraini First High Administrative court has ordered the liquidation of assets pertaining to the National Democratic Action Society and the dissolution of the party. Actions against political parties in Bahrain are a sign of political and economic regression. 

 

 

 


Madagascar

Armed assailants kidnap Yanish Ismail, a prominent member of the Shia community in Madagascar. The incident took place as Yanish was making his way home from a funeral when he was attacked by masked assailants. His whereabouts remain unknown.

Madagascar is the site of newfound increase in the targeting of Shia Muslims. While anti-Shiism has been limited to education, Ismail’s disappearance is the reason for concern as it may be their watch list in fear of a possible escalation in trends of anti-Shiism.

 

Conclusions

In the month of May, anti-Shiism as a direct effect of international affairs was seen. New arms deal with Saudi Arabia instills fears of an escalation of direct violence in Gulf nations such that of Bahrain. In addition to the availability of weapons, the recent arms deal with the United States has projected a message that crime against humanity by Saudi Arabia will be regarded as insignificant by western democratic nations.

Incidents of anti-Shiism may be expected to rise in the month of Ramadan as ISIS leaders call for war on “unbelievers” on its supporters. A month of communal gathering, Muslims join in the month of Ramadhan, making this month a fertile time for mass targeting.  Shia Rights Watch calls for increased security in Shia-populated areas and asks governments to be aware of the dangers that target their Shia constituents.




شيعة رايتس ووتش تصدر تقريرها الشهري للانتهاكات الحقوقية بحق الشيعة

تقرير منظمة شيعة رايتس ووتش لشهر أيار حول الانتهاكات الحقوقية بحق المسلمين الشيعة

تصدر منظمة شيعة رايتس ووتش تقريرها الشهري حول أبرز الانتهاكات الحقوقية التي ارتكبت بحق المسلمين الشيعة للفترة الممتدة من 25 نيسان/ ابريل 25 ايار/ مايو.

ويستعرض التقرير العديد من العمليات الارهابية التي نفذتها الجماعات التكفيرية بحق افراد من المسلمين الشيعة، الى جانب عمليات القمع والتنكيل الممارسة ضدهم من قبل بعض الانظمة والحكومات الاستبدادية.

وتؤكد المنظمة على انها اعتمدت في هذا التقرير على مصادرها الخاصة وبعض والمصادر العامة، كالأفراد والجماعات الناشطة في مجال الحريات وحقوق الانسان المنتشرين في البلدان التي شهدت تلك الانتهاكات.

وتلفت المنظمة انها احجمت عن ذكر بعض الانتهاكات نظرا لغياب الدلائل والقرائن المؤكدة، على الرغم من تيقنها بوقوع تلك الانتهاكات في بعض البلدان.

الدول حسب ترتيب الحروف الابجدية:

البحرين

26/4 السلطات الأمنيّة تستدعي الشيخ محمد المنسي للمرّة الثانية بعد عشرة أيام من الإفراج عنه: استدعت السلطات الأمنيّة البحرينيّة مسؤول ملفّ المساجد المهدّمة في المجلس الإسلاميّ العلمائيّ الشيخ محمد المنسي للتحقيق.

وهذا هو الاستدعاء الثاني من نوعه للشيخ المنسي، والذي جاء بعد عشرة أيام من الإفراج عنه في 15 من الشهر الجاري، بعد قضائه في السجن سنة واحدة بتهمة تتعلق بممارسته حقّه في حريّة التعبير.

27/4 السلطات البحرينيّة تمتنع عن تجديد رخصة مزاولة المهنة لطبيب: كشفت مصادر مطلعة عن رفض السلطات البحرينية تجديد رخصة مزاولة المهنة للدكتور سعيد السماهيجي بسبب آرائه المعارضة للقمع الحكومي ضد المعارضين.

والدكتور السّماهيجي قد أُفرج عنه من سجن جوّ المركزيّ بتاريخ 3 يناير/ كانون الثاني 2017، بعد قضائه عامًا في السّجن، حيث صدر حكم عليه بتاريخ 7 أبريل/ نيسان 2016 على خلفيّة تغريدات عدّتها السلطات البحرينيّة إهانة للسّعودية، وتحريضًا على كراهيّة النظام، وهو ما أنكره السماهيجي، منذ اعتقاله يوم 3 يناير/ كانون الثّاني 2016، وقد كان ذلك على خلفيّة نشره معلومات تتعلّق بإعدام رجل الدّين الشّيعي البارز الشّيخ نمر باقر النمر.

27/4 حكم بالسجن 6 أشهر مع النفاذ على طفل: قضت ما تسمى المحكمة البحرينيّة حكمًا بالسجن لمدّة 6 أشهر مع النفاذ بحقّ الطفل عباس عون، على خلفيّة تهمة التجمهر.

27/4 المرتزقة تمنع شعائر صلاة الجمعة للأسبوع الـ41 على التوالي: واصلت عناصر المرتزقة والميليشيات المدنيّة للأسبوع الحادي والأربعين على التوالي، منع المواطنين والخطيب من التوجّه لمسجد الإمام الصادق -عليه السلام- لأداء شعائر صلاة الجمعة حيث شدّدت حصارها على مداخل بلدة الدراز بالمدرّعات والمركبات العسكريّة.

28/4 سجن مواطن 5 سنوات والسجن لأربعة آخرين بقضيّة تجمهر: أصدرت ما تسمى المحكمة الكبرى الجنائيّة الرابعة حكمًا بسجن مواطن 5 سنوت، بعد إدانته بتهمة مفبركة ادعي خلالها بوضع نموذجٍ محاكٍ للمتفجّرات بمدينة عيسى.

من جانبها، قضت ما تسمى بمحكمة الاستئناف العليا بعقوبة السجن بحقّ 4 مواطنين، لمدة 5 سنوات بدلا من 7 سنوات، بعد أن كانت المحكمة الكبرى الجنائيّة الرابعة قد حكمت بالسجن 7 سنوات على ستة متهمين بالتجمهر وإشعال حريق أدى إلى تضرُّر 3 سيارات في شهركان، وبالسجن 5 سنوات على متهم واحد لم يتم الثامنة عشرة.

28/4 المرتزقة تعتقل رجل دين وزوجته بعد مداهمة منزله: اعتقلت عناصر المرتزقة والميليشيات المدنيّة، عالم الدين الشيخ عبد الزهراء الكربابادي وزوجته، بعد مداهمة منزله، حيث قامت بمصادرة أجهزة هواتفهم وسياراتهم وتم نقلهم إلى مكتب التحقيقات الجنائيّة السيئ الصيت.

28/4 معتقلة تجبر على توقيع اعترافات مفبركة: قالت عائلة المواطنة المعتقلة السيدة نجاح أحمد حبيب -من بلدة النويدرات- إنّها تتعرض للابتزاز والتهديد من قبل رجال الامن لإجبارها على التواطؤ معهم للإيقاع بالمحتجين.

وكشفت المعتقلة ان انها أجبرت على توقيع إفادات مفبركة واعترافات مكتوبة مسبقا قبل ان يتم تحويلها الى النيابة العامة بعد ان رفضت الشهادة المزورة ضد بعض المعارضين المعتقلين.

28/4 المرتزقة تهاجم المشاركين بمسيرة واحفظهم برحمتك في النويدرات بالقنابل الغازيّة: هاجمت عناصر المرتزقة المتظاهرين السلميّين في بلدة النويدرات بالقنابل الغازيّة والمسيلة للدموع بكثافة، وذلك أثناء مشاركتهم في المسيرة التي دعا إليها ائتلاف شباب ثورة 14 فبراير، يوم الجمعة 28 أبريل/ نيسان 2017، تحت عنوان واحفظهم برحمتك.

وكانت النويدرات قد شهدت عقب صلاة الجمعة تظاهرةً حاشدةً جابت أرجاء البلدة تضامنًا مع المعتقلين، وخصوصًا معتقل البلدة علي أحمد قمبر الذي يعاني من مرض السرطان داخل السجن، وتنديدًا بجرائم النظام الخليفيّ، حيث رفع المشاركون صور أبنائهم المعتقلين، والشعارات المطالبة بالإفراج عنهم، والمؤكّدة على السير على نهجهم لتحقيق المطالب الشعبيّة في تقرير المصير، وإقامة نظام سياسيّ جديد وفق ما أسفرت عنه نتائج الاستفتاء الشعبيّ.

30/4 السلطات الأمنيّة تستدعي الشيخ علي الجفيري للتحقيق وتمنع محاميه من الحضور: قالت مصادر مطلعة إنّ السلطات الأمنيّة في البحرين استدعت رجل الدين الشيخ علي الجفيري، للتحقيق في مبنى التحقيقات الجنائيّة السيّئ الصيت.

وأضافت المصادر أنّ السلطات الأمنيّة منعت محامي الشيخ علي الجفيري من الحضور معه في جلسة التحقيق، فيما لم يعرف أسباب الاستدعاء.

وكانت النيابة العامّة في البحرين قد استدعت ما يقارب 32 شخصًا في الأيام الخمسة الماضية، من ناشطين حقوقيّين وسياسيّين ومحامين ورجال دين، وأقارب ضحايا انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان، حيث وجّهت إليهم تهم التجمهر في الدراز، وهو ما وصفته منظّمة العفو الدوليّة بتفاقم جسيم لحملة القمع التي تستهدف ناقدي النظام.

2/5 مركز البحرين: 21 حالة اعتقال تعسفيّ و37 مسيرة سلميّة في الأسبوع الأخير لشهر أبريل: قال مركز البحرين لحقوق الإنسان، إنّه رصد خلال الأسبوع الأخير لشهر أبريل/ نيسان الجاري، 21 حالة اعتقال تعسفيّ، من بينها 3 سيّدات، تمّ إطلاق سراح 3 منهم أخيرًا.

المركز أوضح عبر حسابه على موقع التواصل الاجتماعيّ، أنّ المدّة من 24 حتى 30 أبريل/ نيسان شهدت 37 مسيرة سلميّة في 22 بلدة بالبحرين، تعرّضت 8 مسيرات منها للقمع بالقنابل الغازية والمسيّلة للدموع من قبل عناصر المرتزقة.

ولفت المركز إلى أنّه وثّق محاكمة 81 مواطنًا في 10 قضايا على خلفيّة قضايا سياسيّة، فيما أصدرت المحاكم البحرينيّة بحقّهم أحكامًا بالسجن بلغ مجموعها 646 عامًا تقريبًا، وغرامة ماليّة وصلت إلى 200 ألف دينار بحرينيّ.

4/5 فقدان معتقل بعد تعرّضه للاعتداء والضرب: قالت مصادر أهليّة إنّ المعتقل طالب آل عبود تعرّض للاعتداء والضرب من قبل عناصر مرتزقة في سجن جوّ المركزي، تضرّرت على إثرها إحدى أذنيه وفقد السمع.

من جانبها، عبّرت عائلة المعتقل طالب آل عبود عن قلقها الشديد على صحته وسلامته، مشيرة إلى أنّ إدارة سجن جو ترفض نقله إلى المستشفى لتلقّي العلاج اللازم بعد تعرضه للاعتداء وتعذيبه بوحشيّة- بحسب تعبيرها.

4/5 الطفل المعتقل عباس عون محروم حقّه في الزيارات والاتصال بعائلته: طالبت عائلة الطفل المعتقل عباس عون السلطات البحرينيّة بالسماح لها بالاتصال به، مشيرة إلى أنّه منذ الحكم عليه بتاريخ 27 أبريل/ نيسان 2017 لم تتلقّ أي اتصال منه.

وكانت محكمة بحرينيّة قد أصدرت في جلسة يوم الخميس 27 أبريل/ نيسان الماضي، حكمًا بالسجن لمدّة 6 أشهر مع النفاذ بحقّ الطفل عباس عون، على خلفيّة دوافع سياسيّة، حيث أسندت إليه السلطات البحرينيّة تهمة التجمهر.

4/5 حكم بالسجن 10 سنوات لمواطن و5 سنوات لعشرة آخرين: أصدرت ما تسمى المحكمة الكبرى الجنائيّة الأولى حكمًا بالسجن 10 سنوات بحقّ مواطن وبالسجن 5 سنوات على 10 آخرين دون 18عامًا، بعد أن أدانتهم بتهمة ضرب مخبر.

5/5 منع صلاة الجمعة في الدراز للأسبوع الـ42: واصلت عناصر المرتزقة والميليشيات المدنيّة حصارها لبلدة الدراز وقامت بمنع المواطنين من التوجّه لمسجد الإمام الصادق -عليه السلام- لأداء شعائر صلاة الجمعة 5 مايو/ أيّار 2017، للأسبوع الـ42 على التوالي، منذ نزع الجنسيّة عن آية الله الشيخ عيسى قاسم بتاريخ 20 يونيو/ حزيران الماضي.

9/5 السلطات البحرينية تمنع عددًا من أعضاء جمعية وعد من السفر إلى الخارج: كشفت مصادر مطلعة عن قيام السلطات البحرينية بمنع عضو اللجنة المركزية بجمعية وعد، السيد رضي الموسوي وآخرين من السفر إلى خارج البلاد، عبر جسر الملك فهد.

9/5 حبس الناشط نزار القارئ 30 يومًا بعد اتهامه بالتجمهر في الدراز: أصدرت النيابة العامة في البحرين قرارًا بحبس السيد نزار القارئ، لمدة 30 يومًا بعد أن أسندت إليه تهمة التجمهر والمشاركة في مسيرة غير مرخّصة في بلدة الدراز.

9/5 اعتقال 3 مواطنين تعسفيّا بينهم امرأة في الأسبوع الأول لشهر مايو: قال مركز البحرين لحقوق الإنسان، إنّه رصد خلال الأسبوع الأول من شهر مايو/ أيار الجاري، اعتقال 3 مواطنين بشكل تعسفي، من بينهم امرأة واحدة.

10/5 أوّل حالة تُحال للقضاء العسكريّ بعد التعديل الدستوريّ: أكّدت عائلة المعتقل المخفي قسرًا السيّد فاضل عبّاس أنّ السلطات البحرينيّة أحالت ابنها إلى القضاء العسكريّ بعد انقطاع أخباره منذ سبتمبر/ أيلول 2016.

وبتحويل السيّد فاضل إلى القضاء العسكريّ تكون هذه هي الحالة الأولى التي تُحال إلى المحاكم العسكريّة، بعد مصادقة ملك البحرين على توسيع صلاحيات القضاء العسكريّ ليتيح له محاكمة المدنيين، والذي آثار انتقادات دوليّة لا سيّما في الاستعراض الدوريّ الشامل الذي أُجري مؤخّرًا في جنيف.

11/5 تعرّض المخرج ياسر ناصر للضرب والتعذيب والحبس الانفراديّ: قالت عائلة المخرج المعتقل ياسر ناصر، إنّها تلقت اتصالًا هاتفيًّا منه يفيد بتعرّضه للضرب والتعذيب والإهانة من قبل عناصر الدرك الأردنيّ والمرتزقة، وقيام إدارة سجن جو المركزي بنقله إلى السجن الانفرادي.

11/5 الشيخ عيسى القفاص يتعرّض للضرب والسجن الانفرادي: أفادت مصادر أهلية بأن رجل الدين الشيخ عيسى القفاص يتعرض بشكل متكرر للضرب والسجن الانفرادي، وذلك بسبب ممارسته الشعائر الدينية داخل السجن.

12/5 منع صلاة الجمعة للأسبوع الـ43 على التوالي: واصلت عناصر المرتزقة حصارها لبلدة الدراز حيث منعت المواطنين من التوجّه لمسجد الإمام الصادق -عليه السلام- لأداء شعائر صلاة الجمعة 12 مايو/ أيّار 2017، وذلك للأسبوع الـ43 على التوالي.

13/5 معتقل يشكو سوء الطعام وحرمانه العلاج: عبّرت عائلة المعتقل علي حبيب يعقوب، عن قلقها الشديد على صحته وسلامته، مشيرة إلى أنّه يعاني مرض السكر الحاد، ويشكو من سوء الطعام المقدم من إدارة سجن جو المركزي، فضلًا عن حرمانه حقّه في العلاج.

13/5 اعتقال والد الناشط عيسى العالي: قال الناشط البحريني المقيم في بريطانيا عيسى العالي إنّ السلطات البحرينية تحتجز والده بسبب مشاركته في التظاهرة في قلعة ويندسور للاعتراض على وجود ملك البحرين.

15/5 إحراق سيّارة ناشطة حقوقيّة: قالت الناشطة إبتسام الصائغ إنّ سيّارتها احترقت وذلك بعد أيّام من هجمةٍ واسعةٍ شنّتها صحف ومؤسّسات شبه حكوميّة عليها.

يُشار إلى أنّ الصائغ كانت قد تعرّضت خلال الأيام الماضية إلى حملة إعلاميّة شنّتها صحيفة الأيّام وجمعيّة البحرين لمراقبة حقوق الإنسان ضدّها، لحديثها عن تقييد المعتقلين السياسيين على سرير المرض أثناء تلقّيهم العلاج.

16/5 مركز البحرين: 8 حالات اعتقال بينهم امرأة خلال الأسبوع الماضي: قال مركز البحرين لحقوق الإنسان، إنه رصد في الأسبوع الثاني من شهر مايو/ أيار الجاري، 8 حالات اعتقال تعسفي، من بينهم امرأة.

المركز أوضح في بيان أن المدة من 8 حتى 14 مايو/ أيار 2017، شهدت 14 مسيرةً سلميةً خرجت في 12 قريةً بحرينية، تعرضت 3 منها للقمع من قبل عناصر المرتزقة باستخدام القنابل الغازية والمسيلة للدموع.

وذكر المركز أنه في الأسبوع الماضي، تم تسجيل محاكمة 69 مواطنًا على خلفية 19 قضيةً سياسية، حيث صدرت أحكام بالسجن المؤبد بحق 3 منهم، فيما صدر حكم بعقوبة الإعدام بحق متهم.

21/5 محاكم النظام تحكم على آية الله الشيخ عيسى قاسم بالسجن سنة واحدة مع وقف التنفيذ: أصدرت ما تسمى المحكمة الكبرى الجنائية الرابعة حكمًا بالسجن لمدة سنة بحقّ آية الله الشيخ عيسى أحمد قاسم وحسن القصاب وميرزا الدرازي مع وقف التنفيذ لمدة 3 سنوات، في القضية المتعلقة بجمع أموال الخمس الشرعية التي صنفتها النيابة العامة على أنّها جمع أموال من دون ترخيص.

كما فرضت المحكمة غرامة 100 ألف دينار إلى جانب مصادرة المبلغ المودع في حساب آية الله قاسم والبالغ 3 ملايين دينار بحريني، ومصادرة العقارين المسجلين للشيخ عيسى قاسم.

23/5 اعتقال 20 شخصا بينها 6 أطفال خلال الأسبوع الثالث: أفادت مصادر مطلعة بان السلطات البحرينية اعتقلت 20 مواطنا بشكل تعسفيّ، من بينهم 6 أطفال.

وأضافت المصادر ان 112 مسيرة سلمية تعرضت 19 منها للقمع بالقنابل الغازية والمسيلة للدموع من قبل عناصر المرتزقة والميليشيات المدنية.

24/5 مقتل 5 مواطنين واعتقال 286 آخرين في هجوم الدراز: اعترفت وزارة الداخليّة في البحرين بقتلها 5 مواطنين أثناء هجوم عناصرها من المرتزقة والميليشيات المدنيّة على المعتصمين بميدان الفداء، قرب منزل آية الله الشيخ عيسى قاسم.

كما ذكرت الوزارة في بيان آخر إنّها ألقت القبض على 286 شخصًا.

موريتانيا

20/5 السلطات الموريتانية تمنع تأسيس المجلس الشيعي الأعلى: كشفت مصادر ميدانية مطلعة عن قيام السلطات الموريتانية بمنع انعقاد اجتماعا بمدينة دار النعيم في العاصمة نواكشوط، كان ينوي أصحابه تشكيل مجلس إسلامي خاص بالشيعة بموريتانيا.

وقالت المصادر إن مدير أمن الدولة استدعى المجموعة (وفيهم الشيخ سلمان والسيد احمد العلوي) وأبلغهم، بخطورة تاسيس مثل هذا المجلس، مضيفا أن عليهم التوقف بشكل كامل عن أي تصرف مشابه، مهددا اغلاق مسجد الامام علي عليه السلام.

مدغشقر

14/5 اختطاف مواطن شيعي في العاصمة: ضمن سلسلة استهداف الشيعة في دولة مدغشقر، تعرض الشاب يانيش إسماعيل الى الاختطاف على يد 14 مسلحا ملثما اثناء مجلس عزاء في احدى المقابر الشيعية وسط البلاد.

السويد

1/5 احراق مركز الامام علي (ع) قرب ستوكهولم: تعرض مركز الامام علي (ع) في بلدية جارفالا الواقعة شمال غرب ستوكهولم الى عملية تخريب متعمد بحسب بيانات الشرطة السويدية.

وذكرت الشرطة السويدية أن حريقا متعمد نشب ليلا أدى إلى تدمير مسجد شيعي.

وقال متحدث عن ادارة المركز إن حوالي ربع المبنى قد تم تدميره، فيما لم يصب أحدا في الحريق الذي بدا أنه بدأ بإحدى الجدران الخارجية.

السعودية

26/4 قوات الامن السعودية تداهم منزل احد الناشطين: داهمت قوات مسلحة سعودية منزل الناشط الحقوقي مفيد العلوان في بلدة القديح قبل ان تعيث خرابا في محتويات واثاث المنزل وتصادر بعض الممتلكات الشخصية.

26/4 الامن السعودي يعتقل مواطنا من أهالي القطيف: قامت قوات امن سعودية باعتقال الشاب أيمن عبدالعال من أهالي العوامية من مقر عمله في سكيكو في القطيف، دون ان توضح أسباب الاعتقال.

30/4 اعتقال شاب من مقر عمله: أقدمت قوات امنية سعودية على اعتقال الشاب رائد عبد الواحد الخير من أهالي بلدة العوامية من مقر عمله لأسباب مجهولة وأنباء عن نقله لسجن المباحث.

1/5 اعتقال شاب من أهالي العوامية: ضمن سلسلة الاعتقالات التعسفية التي تمارسها السلطة السعودية، اعتقلت قوات امنية الشاب عباس ال زايد من أهالي بلدة العوامية.

1/5 اعتقال تعسفي مستمر: القوات الأمنية تعتقل الشاب السيد أسعد الشاخوري من أهالي بلدة العوامية.

4/5 اعتقال ثلاثة من اسرة واحدة في العوامية: أقدمت قوات امنية سعودية على مداهمة منزل أسرة الحاج محمد علي مدن الفرج، قبل ان تقوم باعتقال 3 من أفراد أسرته.

4/5 عناصر امنية تنهال بالضرب على أحد المواطنين قبل اعتقاله في العوامية: تعرض الشاب حسام الربح من أهالي العوامية الى الضرب المبرح من قبل افراد مفرزة امنية ترابط في احد ازقة المدينة قبل ان يقدم افرادها على اعتقاله بشكل تعسفي.

10/5 قوات عسكرية تجتاح بلدة العوامية تحت وابل من النيران/ تعرضت بلدة العوامية الى اجتياح من قبل المدرعات والمصفحات السعودية، قبل ان تطبق على الأهالي حصارها.

وأكدت مصادر محلية على تعرض مئات المنازل الى اضرار مادية نتيجة اطلاق المدرعات قذائفها بشكل عشوائي، مما تسبب باشتعال النيران، في الوقت الذي منعت تلك القوات مركبات الإطفاء والاسعاف من دخول البلدة.

11/5 القوات السعودية تصعد حملتها على أهالي العوامية: صعدت القوات التي تجتاح بلدة العوامية من وتيرة اعمالها التعسفية بحق السكان.

وأفادت مصادر محلية ان الاليات العسكرية تستهدف بالرصاص أي هدف متحرك ترصده دون تمييز، فيما اشارت المصادر الى تعرض العديد من المدنيين للإصابة نتيجة اطلاق النار العشوائي، في حين تشتعل النيران في عدد من المنازل دون توفر أي وسيلة للإطفاء او اسعاف الجرحى.

11/5 مقتل شاب واضرار مادية برصاص القوات السعودية في العوامية: قتل شاب واصيب عدد من قاطني حي المسورة في بلدة العوامية في القطيف، في هجوم شنته قوات النظام السعودي لبدء عمليات هدم الحي.

وخلف الهجوم العنيف بالقذائف والذخيرة الحية العديد من الأضرار المادية بممتلكات الأهالي وسط فرض حصار على كافة منافذ الحي.

12/5 مقتل طفل بنيران الشرطة السعودية في حي المسورة: قتل الطفل جواد الداغر ذو العامين بعد ان أصيب برصاص القوات السعودية التي تشن هجوما عسكريا على بلدة العوامية منذ أيام.

13/5 مقتل 4 مدنيين برصاص القوات السعودية في العوامية: اعلنت مصادر حقوقية عن مقتل 4 مدنيين برصاص قوات النظام السعودي التي تحاصر حي المسورة بالعوامية.

وأفادت المصادر بان القوات السعودية تواصل عدوانها لليوم الرابع على التوالي ضد اهالي العوامية مستخدمة قنابل انشطارية حارقة، مشيرة الى اشتعال النيران في العديد من المنازل والممتلكات الخاصة وحرقت أحد المساجد القديمة في البلدة.

17/4 قوات النظام تقصف بالمدفعية منازل الأهالي في العوامية: أكدت مصادر محلية في بلدة العوامية على مقتل الشاب وهاب فكري معيوف في العوامية بطلقه في رقبته على أيدي السلطات السعودية.

وصعدت قوات النظام السعودي من وتيرة اعتداءاتها بحق أهالي أحياء العوامية حيث استهدفت المنازل بقصف مدفعي اشتعلت على إثره النيران في عدة أحياء في مدينة العوامية بالمنطقة الشرقية، بحسب مصادر محلية.

وأفادت المصادر عن اشتعال النيران في عدة أحياء في العوامية بسبب القصف المدفعي لقوات النظام السعودي، مؤكدين سماع دوي انفجارات هزت أرجاء بلدة العوامية.

17/5 القوات السعودية تعتقل مواطن مع ابنته الصغيرة: السلطات السعودية تعتقل الشاب علي شعبان في وقت متأخر من الليل أثناء تواجده بالقرب من أحد الصيدليات مع ابنته وتبلغ دويه بالذهاب لأخذ طفلته.

18/5 استمرار محاصرة بلدة العوامية بالدبابات مع اطلاق العيارات النارية الثقيلة: اكدت مصادر محلية على استمرار القوات السعودية في محاصرة أهالي العوامية مع اطلاق النيران بشكل متواصل بصورة عشوائية على منازل المواطنين.

19/5 القوات السعودية تقصف بلدة العوامية: سقطت 18 قذيفة على بلدة العوامية متسببة بجرح بعض الأهالي فضلا عن تدمير كبير في المنازل.

وأفادت مصادر أهلية ان المدرعات السعودية تتجول في عدة أحياء سكنية ضيقة الجميمة وشكر الله والعوينة وتطلق الأعيرة النارية بشكل عشوائي.

21/5 القوات السعودية تعتقل شقيقين في العوامية: داهمت قوات عسكرية منزل أحد المواطنين قبل ان تقدم على اعتقال ولديه سالم آلمزرع وصالح المزرع في حي الزاره في العوامية.

21/5 ضمن حملة اعتقالات: القوات السعودية تعتقل الشاب مكي المختار بعد ان قامت باقتحام منزلهم في حي الريف في الشمال.

23/5 القوات السعودية تنشر القناصة على أسطح البنايات وتستهدف السكان: أقدمت القوات السعودية على نشر فرق القناصة في عدة بنايات، ولا تزال تطلق قذائف أر بي جي والرصاص الكثيف على الأهالي في حي المسورة وسط العوامية.

25/5 المدرعات السعودية تدمر متاجر الأهالي في العوامية: أقدمت المدرعات السعودية على إطلاق وابل من الأعيرة النارية المختلفة على المنازل والمحلات التجارية في حي الريف وسط بلدة العوامية.

العراق

28/4 إصابة ثلاثة أشخاص بانفجار عبوة ناسفة غربي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة العراقية، الجمعة بأن ثلاثة أشخاص أصيبوا بانفجار عبوة ناسفة غربي العاصمة بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة بالقرب من محال تجارية في منطقة حي الفرات غربي بغداد انفجرت، مساء اليوم، ما أسفر عن إصابة ثلاثة أشخاص بجروح.

28/4 مقتل مدني واصابة اربعة آخرين بتفجير قرب سوق شعبي جنوبي بغداد: افاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن مدنياً قتل، فيما اصيب اربعة اخرون بانفجار عبوة ناسفة قرب سوق شعبي جنوبي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة على جانب الطريق قرب سوق شعبي بمنطقة الوردية التابعة لقضاء المدائن جنوبي بغداد انفجرت، اليوم، ما ادى الى مقتل مدني واصابة اربعة اخرين بجروح.

28/4 ستة قتلى وجرحى بانفجار سيارة مفخخة قرب قاطع مرور الرصافة وسط بغداد: افاد مصدر في الشرطة العراقية بأن ستة اشخاص سقطوا بين قتيل وجريح بانفجار سيارة مفخخة قرب قاطع مرور الرصافة وسط بغداد.

وقال المصدر ان سيارة مفخخة انفجرت مساء اليوم، قرب قاطع مرور الرصافة في منطقة الكرادة وسط بغداد، ما أسفر عن مقتل شخصين واصابة اربعة اخرين بجروح متفاوتة، مبينا ان هذه الحصيلة اولية وقابلة للزيادة.

29/4 مقتل مدني وإصابة ثلاثة آخرين بتفجير جنوبي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن مدنيا قتل وأصيب ثلاثة آخرون جراء انفجار عبوة ناسفة جنوبي العاصمة بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة قرب علوة لبيع الأسماك في قضاء المدائن جنوبي بغداد انفجرت، ظهر اليوم، ما أسفر عن مقتل مدني وإصابة ثلاثة آخرين بجروح متفاوتة.

29/4 قتيل و11 جريحاً على الاقل حصيلة انفجار مفخخة شمالي بابل: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن شخصاً قتل وأصيب 11 آخرون على الاقل حصيلة انفجار سيارة مفخخة شمالي بابل.

وقال المصدر إن الحصيلة الاولية لانفجار سيارة مفخخة يقودها انتحاري، مساء اليوم، في مدخل جرف النصر، بلغت مقتل شخص وإصابة 11 آخرين بجروح.

6/5 مقتل مدنيين اثنين وإصابة ثلاثة بتفجير غربي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بمقتل مدنيين اثنين وإصابة ثلاثة بإنفجار غربي العاصمة بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة بالقرب من مرآب للسيارات في منطقة ابو غريب غربي العاصمة بغداد انفجرت، ما أسفر عن مقتل اثنين اصابة ثلاثة مدنيين بجروح متفاوتة.

7/5 إصابة أربعة أشخاص بتفجير في بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بإصابة أربعة أشخاص جراء انفجار عبوتين ناسفتين في العاصمة بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة على جانب طريق جسر ديالى القديم انفجرت، اليوم، ما أسفر عن إصابة امرأة بجروح.

9/5 مقتل مدني وإصابة 3 آخرين بانفجار ناسفة جنوبي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن مدنياً قتل وأصيب ثلاثة آخرون بانفجار عبوة ناسفة جنوبي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة مزروعة قرب سوق شعبي في منطقة سويب جنوبي بغداد انفجرت، ظهر اليوم، ما أسفر عن مقتل مدني وإصابة ثلاثة آخرين.

9/5 اصابة خمسة مدنيين بانفجار عبوة ناسفة غربي بغداد: افاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن خمسة مدنيين اصيبوا بانفجار عبوة ناسفة غربي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة بالقرب من محال تجارية بمنطقة الحصوة التابعة لقضاء ابو غريب، غربي بغداد انفجرت، اليوم، ما ادى الى اصابة خمسة مدنيين بجروح.

9/5 إصابة شخصين بانفجار عبوة ناسفة جنوب شرقي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن شخصين أصيبا بانفجار عبوة ناسفة جنوب شرقي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة انفجرت، مساء اليوم، بالقرب من محال تجارية بمنطقة النهروان، ما أسفر عن إصابة شخصين بجروح.

10/5 إصابة شخصين بانفجار عبوة ناسفة شمالي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن شخصين اصيبا بانفجار عبوة ناسفة شمالي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة بالقرب من سوق شلال بمنطقة الشعب شمالي بغداد انفجرت، مساء اليوم، ما ادى الى اصابة شخصين بجروح متفاوتة.

11/5 مقتل شخصين واصابة 4 بانفجار سيارة مفخخة شمالي بغداد: افاد مصدر امني في بغداد بأن شخصين قتلا واصيب اربعة اخرون بانفجار سيارة مفخخة شمالي العاصمة.

وقال المصدر ان سيارة مفخخة انفجرت اليوم، في منطقة الشعلة شمالي بغداد، ما ادى الى مقتل شخصين واصابة اربعة اخرين بجروح متفاوتة.

11/5 صد هجوم لـداعش غرب كربلاء: أعلن قائد الفرقة الثالثة في قاطع غرب كربلاء بقوات سرايا السلام أبو حسن الزبيدي صد هجوم شنه تنظيم داعش غرب محافظة كربلاء.

وقال الزبيدي إن داعش شن هجوماً بالهاونات والأسلحة المتوسطة على وادي الغذف من جهة الأنبار.

12/5 ستة جرحى بانفجارين متفرقين جنوبي بغداد: أفاد مصدر أمني بأن ستة أشخاص اصيبوا بجروح نتيجة انفجار عبوتين ناسفتين بحادثين متفرقين جنوبي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة قرب محال تجارية في ناحية الرشيد جنوبي بغداد، انفجرت، صباح اليوم، ما أسفر عن اصابة اربعة اشخاص بجروح.

وأضاف المصدر أن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة على جانب طريق في منطقة المدائن، جنوبي بغداد، انفجرت، صباح اليوم، ما أسفر عن اصابة شخصين بجروح.

12/5 سقوط قذيفتي هاون على قرية بشير جنوبي كركوك: أفاد مصدر أمني في محافظة كركوك بأن قذيفتي هاون سقطتا قرب مقام الإمام علي (ع) في قرية بشير جنوبي المحافظة.

وقال المصدر إن قذيفتي هاون أطلقتا من تل الجوال على قرية بشير بناحية تازة جنوبي كركوك وسقطتا بالقرب من مقام الإمام علي (ع) وسط القصبة، مبينا أن القذيفتين أطلقهما تنظيم داعش.

14/5 انفجار في وسط بغداد: افاد مصدر في الشرطة العراقية بأن سيارة مفخخة انفجرت وسط العاصمة، مبينا انها ادت الى سقوط ستة قتلى وجرحى.

وقال المصدر ان سيارة مفخخة انفجرت قبل قليل، قرب جسر الربيعي باتجاه الكرادة، ما ادى الى مقتل شخص واصابة خمسة اخرين بجروح.

14/5 مقتل شخص وإصابة زوجته بانفجار عبوة لاصقة شمالي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن مدنياً قتل واصيبت زوجته بانفجار عبوة لاصقة شمالي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة لاصقة كانت مثبتة أسفل عجلة انفجرت، مساء اليوم، بمنطقة سبع البور شمالي بغداد، ما أسفر عن مقتل صاحب العجلة واصابة زوجته التي كانت برفقته بجروح خطيرة.

15/5 إصابة ثلاثة مدنيين بانفجار ناسفة شمالي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن ثلاثة مدنيين أصيبوا بانفجار عبوة ناسفة شمالي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة مزروعة على جانب طريق قرب سوق شعبية في منطقة الشعب شمالي بغداد انفجرت، ظهر اليوم، ما أسفر عن إصابة ثلاثة مدنيين.

15/5 إصابة ثلاثة أشخاص بانفجار ناسفة جنوبي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن ثلاثة أشخاص أصيبوا بانفجار عبوة ناسفة جنوبي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة على جانب طريق في منطقة هور رجب التابعة للدورة جنوبي بغداد انفجرت، مساء اليوم، ما أسفر عن إصابة ثلاثة أشخاص بجروح متفاوتة.

16/5 مقتل مدني وإصابة 3 آخرين بانفجار ناسفة شمالي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن مدنيا قتل وأصيب ثلاثة آخرون بانفجار عبوة ناسفة شمالي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة مزروعة على جانب طريق قرب محل لبيع المواد الإنشائية ضمن منطقة الشيخ حمد شمالي بغداد انفجرت، ظهر اليوم، ما أسفر عن مقتل مدني وإصابة 3 آخرين.

16/5 اصابة شخصين بانفجار سيارة مفخخة شمال بغداد: افاد مصدر امني بأن شخصين اصيبا بانفجار سيارة مفخخة شمال العاصمة بغداد.

وقال المصدر ان سيارة مفخخة انفجرت، مساء اليوم، في منطقة المشاهدة شمال بغداد، ما أسفر عن اصابة شخصين بجروح.

17/5 مقتل شخص وإصابة خمسة آخرين بانفجار ناسفة جنوبي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن شخصاً قتل وأصيب خمسة آخرون بانفجار عبوة ناسفة جنوبي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة بالقرب من سوق شعبية بمنطقة صدر اليوسفية انفجرت، مساء اليوم، ما أدى الى مقتل شخص واصابة خمسة آخرين بجروح.

17/5 إصابة شخصين بانفجار عبوة ناسفة جنوب شرقي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن شخصين أصيبا جراء انفجار عبوة ناسفة جنوب شرقي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة انفجرت، مساء اليوم، بالقرب من محال تجارية بمنطقة النهروان، ما أسفر عن اصابة شخصين بجروح.

18/5 مقتل شخص وإصابة ثلاثة آخرين بتفجيرين غربي بغداد: أفاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن شخص قتل وأصيب ثلاثة آخرون جراء تفجيرين غربي العاصمة بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة قرب سوق شعبية في منطقة النصر والسلام التابعة لقضاء أبو غريب انفجرت، صباح اليوم، ما أسفر عن مقتل مدني وإصابة ثلاثة آخرين.

18/5 اصابة فلاح بجروح بليغة بانفجار عبوة ناسفة شمال شرق بعقوبة: اعلن مسؤول محلي في محافظة ديالى عن اصابة فلاح بجروح بليغة بانفجار عبوة ناسفة داخل بستان زراعي شمال شرق ب‍عقوبة.

وقال مدير ناحية ابي صيدا محمد الباقر التميمي إن عبوة ناسفة انفجرت على فلاح اثناء قيادته جراره في بستان زراعي في اطراف ناحية ابي صيدا، ما أسفر عن اصابته بجروح بليغة جدا.

18/5 انفجار سيارة مفخخة في سيطرة العدوانية جنوبي العاصمة: أعلنت قيادة عمليات بغداد ان سيارة مفخخة انفجرت في سيطرة العدوانية جنوبي العاصمة، مبينة ان التفجير ادى الى اصابة شخصين بجروح.

19/5 مقتل مدني واصابة ثلاثة آخرين بتفجير قرب سوق لبيع الاغنام جنوبي بغداد: افاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن مدنيا قتل واصيب ثلاثة اخرون بانفجار عبوة ناسفة قرب سوق لبيع الاغنام جنوبي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة بالقرب من سوق لبيع الاغنام في منطقة سويب جنوبي بغداد انفجرت، اليوم، ما ادى مقتل مدني واصابة ثلاثة اخرين بجروح.

19/5 مقتل غالبية ركاب حافلة مدنية بتفجيري الرميلة: أعلنت اللجنة الأمنية في مجلس محافظة البصرة مقتل غالبية ركاب حافلة مدنية في تفجيرين وقعا قرب نقطة تفتيش في منطقة الرميلة.

وقال رئيس اللجنة جبار الساعدي إن حافلة تقل مدنيين من أهالي البصرة غالبيتهم من النساء كانت موجودة لحظة وقوع انفجاري الرميلة، وقد استشهد معظم الركاب.

وأضاف الساعدي أن العدد الدقيق لركاب الحافلة لم يتضح بعد نظرا لاحتراقها بسبب التفجير، مرجحا أن يصل العدد الى 30 شخصا.

19/5 سبعة قتلى وثلاثة عشر جريح بتفجير جنوبي بغداد: افاد مصدر في الشرطة العراقية بأن شخصا قتل واصيب 5 اخرون بانفجار سيارة مفخخة جنوبي بغداد.

وقال المصدر ان سيارة مفخخة انفجرت مساء اليوم، في مدخل منطقة ابو دشير جنوبي بغداد، ما أسفر عن مقتل سبعة مواطنين واصابة 13 اخرين بجروح.

20/5 اصابة مدنيين اثنين بانفجار عبوة ناسفة شمالي بغداد: افاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن مدنيين اثنين اصيبا بانفجار عبوة ناسفة شمالي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة قرب محال تجارية بمنطقة سبع البور شمالي بغداد انفجرت، اليوم، ما ادى الى اصابة مدنيين اثنين بجروح.

22/5 اصابة ثلاثة مدنيين بتفجير قرب سوق شعبي غربي بغداد: افاد مصدر في الشرطة بأن ثلاثة مدنيين اصيبوا بانفجار عبوة ناسفة قرب سوق شعبي غربي بغداد.

وقال المصدر إن عبوة ناسفة كانت موضوعة قرب سوق شعبي في ناحية النصر والسلام التابعة لقضاء ابو غريب غربي بغداد انفجرت، اليوم، ما ادى الى اصابة ثلاثة مدنيين بجروح.

الفلبين

7/5 داعش ينفذ انفجارين ويقتل خمسة اشخاص شيعة في الفلبين: قالت الشرطة الفيليبينية ان انفجارين أسفرا عن سقوط قتيلين في مانيلا كانا يستهدفان اماما شيعيا، وأسفر الانفجاران اللذان هزا مكتب الامام ناصر ابينال عن سقوط ستة جرحى أيضا، وتبنى تنظيم داعش الارهابي الانفجارين.




50 Shia Muslims Killed in Hama

Despite international efforts to thwart ISIS crimes, ISIS continues to target and kill minority groups in Syria. Fueled by radicalistic ideology, ISIS militants target any and all religious groups with beliefs in deviation of their own beliefs.

Sources report ISIS raids in the Hama province of Syria. Hama is heavily populated with Shia communities. Over 50 were killed, majority of which were women and children. Bricks, rocks, and artillery were used in massacring villagers, after which their bodies were dismembered. While some bodies were retrieved and taken to the hospital coronary, many were left beyond retrieval or recognition.

The war in Syria continues despite international efforts. Shia Rights Watch condemns acts of violence towards any and all populations, and calls for increased aid for Syrian minorities under attack by ISIS.




بیانیه سازمان جهانی شیعه رایتس واچ از جامعه جهانی برای بازگرداندن مجروحان مفقود انفجار فوعه و کفریا

سازمان جهانی دیدبان حقوق شیعیان در واکنش به مفقود شدن تعدادی از شیعیان «فوعه و کفریا» واکنش نشان داد.

این سازمان با صدور بیانیه ای از جامعه جهانی خواست تا قدمی مثبت برای بازگرداندن مجروحان مفقود شده در انفجار تروریستیِ محله «الراشدینِ» حلب سوریه بردارد و آنان را به خانواده های خود بازگرداند.

سازمان جهانی دیدبان حقوق شیعیان، همچنین از کشور ترکیه خواست تا با اعمال فشار بر گروه های تروریستی، زمینه بازگشت افراد زخمی مفقود شده که اغلب آنان کودکان و زنان هستند را فراهم کند.

در بخشی از این بیانیه آمده است: به گروگان گرفتن کودکان و زنان توسط تروریست های جنایتکار، بیانگر وحشیگری و خونخواری آنها است که مغایر با تمام قوانین بشری و عرف های بین المللی است.

این سازمان در بیانیه خود از جامعه ی بین الملل و خصوصاً دولت ترکیه که خود همکاری مستقیمی با گروه های افراطی دارد و حامی رسمی گروه های تروریستی حاضر در شمال سوریه است، خواسته تا با تغییر سیاست های خود، این گروهک ها را وادار به بازگرداندن شیعیان فوعه و کفریا به آغوش گرم خانواده هایشان کند.

سازمان جهانی دیدبان حقوق شیعیان در پایان بیانیه خود آورده است: تمامی ارگان های دولتی و طرف های درگیر در سوریه، مسئول جان مفقود شدگان مجروح هستند و طبق معاهده ی «ژنو» باید در امر حمایت از غیر نظامیان در جنگ کوشا باشند؛ در غیر این صورت عواقب این گونه اعمال به عهده خود آنهاست.

چندی پیش اهالی آزاد شده شهرک های فوعه و کفریا در محله الراشدین شهر حلب به وسیله یک خودروی بمب گذاری شده مورد حمله تروریستی گروهک های تکفیری فعال در سوریه قرار گرفتند که طی آن یکصد و دوازده نفر کشته و بیش از دویست مجروح برجای ماند.

بیشتر جانباختگان این حمله تروریستی را زنان و کودکان اهالی شهرک های فوعه و کفریا تشکیل می دادند که دو سال تحت محاصره تروریست ها قرار داشتند و به تازگی به محله الراشدین حلب انتقال داده شده بودند.




شيعة رايتس ووتش تطالب بالكشف عن مصير جرحى كفريا والفوعة وتأمين عودتهم لذويهم

بقلق بالغ تتطلع منظمة شيعة رايتس ووتش الدولية الى مصير المغيبين من جرحى بلدتي كفريا والفوعة الذين طالتهم يد الارهاب الاعمى في الراشدين غربي مدينة حلب السورية، مطالبة المجتمع الدولي عامة وتركيا خاصة بالضغط على الجماعات المسلحة للكشف عن مصير الجرحى داخل وخارج سوريا سيما ان اغلبهم من النساء والاطفال.

اذ تؤكد العديد من المصادر الميدانية نقلا عن ذوي جرحى جريمة الراشدين الارهابية ان العشرات من ابنائهم لا يزالون مغيبين بعد ان اخذتهم الجماعات المسلحة الى جهات مجهولة بعد التفجير بذريعة العلاج ولا يزال اغلبهم مجهولي المصير.

وتعتبر المنظمة اتخاذ الجماعات المسلحة من الاطفال والنساء الجرحى رهائن بهذا الشكل انتهاكا صارخا لكافة القيم والاعراف السماوية والارضية، والمتاجرة بارواح الابرياء بهذا الشكل يمثل دناءة وانحطاط اخلاقي غير مسبوق في التاريخ الحديث.

لذا تناشد المنظمة المجتمع الدولي كافة والمنظمات الحقوقية والانسانية حول العالم والحكوم التركية على وجه الخصوص باعتبارها الراعي الرسمي للجماعات المسلحة في الشمال السوري بالضغط على من يرتهن حيوات الجرحى للكشف عن مصيرهم وتأمين عودتهم الى ذويهم سالمين وباسرع وقت، وعدم اتخاذ من وضعهم الانساني المحرج ورقة ضغط سياسية وسط الصراع الدموي الجاري.

وتحذر المنظمة كافة الحكومات والجهات المسؤولة عن سلامة الرهائن من الجرحى عقبات المنحى الخطير الذي تتخذه في هذا الصدد، كونه انتهاك سافر لمعاهدة جنيف الخاصة بتجنيب المدنيين ويلات الحروب، الى جانب اعتبار ملف الرهائن المدنيين خرقا واضحا لقوانين حقوق الانسان الدولية.